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中央第四生態環境保護督察組向中國鋁業集團有限公司反饋督察情況

wenzhanglaiyuan: kechuangju  fabushijian: 2021-02-01

weishenruguancheluoshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,genju《zhongyangshengtaihuanjingbaohuduchagongzuoguiding》,zhongyangdisishengtaihuanjingbaohuduchazu(yixiajianchengduchazu)duizhongguolvyejituanyouxiangongsi(yixiajianchengzhongguolvyejituan)kaizhanleshengtaihuanjingbaohuducha。jingdangzhongyang、guowuyuanpizhun,2020nian12yue15ri,zhongyangshengtaihuanjingbaohuduchagongzuolingdaoxiaozudiercihuiyishenyitongguoduchabaogao。duchazuyu2021nian2yue1rixiangzhongguolvyejituanjinxingfankui。fankuihuiyouzhongguolvyejituanzongjingliliuxiangminzhuchi,duchazuzuchanghuanglongyuntongbaoduchabaogao,zhongguolvyejituandangzushuji、dongshichangyaolinzuobiaotaifayan。liuhuafuzuchang,duchazuyouguanrenyuan,zhongguolvyejituanyouguanlingdaojiyouguanzhinengbumenzhuyaofuzetongzhidengcanjiahuiyi。

ducharenwei,jinnianlai,zhongguolvyejituanyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,renzhenxuexiguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixianghedangzhongyang、guowuyuanguanyushengtaihuanjingbaohujuecebushu,lvxingshengtaihuanjingbaohuzhutizeren,gaizaotishengchuantongchanye,peiyufazhanxinxingchanye,nulituidonglvsefazhan,qudeyidingchengxiao。

zhongguolvyejituanzaishengchanjingyingfazhanguochengzhong,buduanzengqianglvsefazhan、gaozhiliangfazhandexingdongzijue。2016nianyilai,zainiukuituokunguochengzhongleijitouru130duoyiyuanyongyushengtaihuanjingzhili。cong2018niankaishi,jizhongzuzhikaizhanhuanbaogongjianxingdong,dalituijinwuranzhilihetishenggaizao,xianhoushishidaqiwuran、shuiwuran、gutifeiwuwuranfangzhidengfangmian184gehuanbaozhongdianxiangmu,jiejueyipituchushengtaihuanjingwenti。jijifahuikejiyinlinglvsefazhandezuoyong,2016nianchengliyanjiuyuan,bingsheli16gefenyuanhejishuzhongxin,buduanzhenghekejiziyuan,chuangxinnenglimingxiantigao。jijifazhanlvsehuanbaochanye,2018nian3yuechenglizhonglvhuanbaojienengjituanyouxiangongsi,zhilihuanbaoxinjishudeyanfa、jicheng、yingyong,qudejiaohaoshehuixiaoyihejingjixiaoyi。

zhongguolvyejituangaoduzhongshiciciduchagongzuo,biandubiangai、lixingligai,jijituidongqunzhongjubaowentizhenggai。duchazujiaobandequnzhongjubaowenti,zhongguolvyejituanyianyaoqiujibenbanjie,yuetanyouguanzerenren2ren,wenze19ren。

duchazhichu,suiranzhongguolvyejituanzaishengtaihuanjingbaohufangmianzuolexuduogongzuo,yequdeyidingchengxiao,danduibiaozhongyangyaoqiu、duibiaoyangqishifanzuoyong、duibiaorenminqidai,rengcunzaichaju。

一是思想認識仍有偏差。中國鋁業集團對打贏打好污染防治攻堅戰認識不夠到位,研究部署和推進落實不夠有力,部分重點工作進展嚴重滯后。中鋁中州鋁業有限公司至今未按污染防治攻堅戰要求完成超低排放改造,中鋁山東有限公司至今未按污染防治攻堅戰要求完成原燃物料礦場及輸送系統全封閉改造。

zhongguolvyejituanzai“shisanwu”guihuazhongmingquetichuzhudaochanpinjienengjianpaidenglvsefazhanzhibiaobaochiguoneilingxiandemubiao,danshijiyonglibuzu,zhuyaochanpinnenghaojulixingyexianjinshuipingrengyoujiaodachaju。jinnianlai,zaibinggouyunnanyejinjituangufenyouxiangongsi、yunnanyejinjindingxinyeyouxiangongsidengqiyeguochengzhong,huanbaojinzhidiaochabudaowei,bufenshengtaihuanjingwentizaibinggoushiweibeifaxian,binggouzhongzuhoubufenwentizhenggaijinzhanhuanman。

yunnantongyegufenyouxiangongsisuoshudexinantongyefengongsi、yunnanyuntongxinyegufenyouxiangongsi、fuminxinyegongmaoyouxiangongsiwuhuafengongsideng3jiaqiyeweiyukunmingshizhuchengqu,huanjingfengxianjiaoda。yunnanshengzhengfuzaozai2014nianjiuyaoqiushangshuqiyeyu2017nianwanchengbanqiangaizao,danyizhiwushizhijinzhan;2018nianzaiciyaoqiuyu2020nianwanchengbanqian,danzhongguolvyejituanshehuizerenyishibuqiang,zhongshibugou,tuijinhuanman,zhizhi2019nian10yuecaitongyibanqianxiangmulixiang,wanchengshixianzaicituichidao2023niandi。duchafaxian,3jiaqiyewuranzhilisheshijianshezhihou、weixianfeiwuguanlihunluan、daqiwuranwuwuzuzhipaifangyanzhong,huanjingfengxianyinhuantuchu。

ciwai,zhongguolvyejituanhuanduiqunzhongyijianjiaodadegebieqiyechachubuli、tuidongzhenggaihuanman。baotoulvyeyouxiangongsihuanjingweifa、wuranraominwentituchu,dangdiqunzhongyijianhenda,duocixiangyouguanbumenfanying。danjiezhiciciducha,xiangguanwentirengweidedaoyouxiaojiejue。

二是工作推進不嚴不實。中國鋁業集團生態環境管理體制不夠完善,壓力傳導還不到位,有時工作標準不高,一些生態環境問題整改進展緩慢。中國鋁業集團礦山生態修復和土地復墾任務極為繁重,但集團各部門職責分工卻未涉及相關內容,導致該項工作在集團層面長期無人抓、無人管、無人查。中鋁礦業有限公司鄭州地區2020年計劃修復礦山1820畝,截至督察時僅治理638.5畝,進度緩慢。

zhongguolvyejituanhuanjingguanlixinxihuajianshezhihou,weiyouxiaoliyongzaixianjianceshujuzuoweihuanjingguanlijueceyijuheshouduan。erjibankuaigongsiduiluoshishengtaihuanjingbaohuzerenrenshibudaowei,duibufenxiashuqiyejianduguanlibuli。zhonglvkuangyeyouxiangongsinianchan160wandunyanghualvshengjigaizaoxiangmuweipixianjian,qishangjizhongguolvyegufenyouxiangongsibudanweiyuzhizhi,fanerpizhuntongyixiangmutouzijianshe。

2017nian,zhongguotongyeyouxiangongsi、zhongguoxiyouxitugufenyouxiangongsi、lvjiagongshiyebudengbankuaijuncunzaihuanbaoxingzhengchufa,danzhongguolvyejituanjinxingjixiaokaoheshiweikoufen。2018nian、2019nianxiudingkaohebanfashi,huanbaokaohefenzhiyejinzhannianduyejikaohede1.5%—3%,weifahuilvsefazhan“zhihuibang”zuoyong。zhonglvshanxixincailiaoyouxiangongsiheyunnanwenshanlvyeyouxiangongsidengqiyebeiguojiayouguanbumenguapaidubanhuogongkaitongbao,baotoulvyeyouxiangongsihezhonglvshandongyouxiangongsidengqiyebeichufajishici,yingxiangelie,danjituancengmianzhiduiqizhong3qishijianzerenrenshishiwenze,yalichuandaoyanzhongbuzu。

duiguangxizhuangzuzizhiquducha“huitoukan”zhichu,zhonglvguangxiyousexitukaifayouxiangongsixiashucenxixiyouxitukuangyeyouxiangongsidengqiyecunzaiyuejiekaicai、zhiwusheshibuwanshan、pohuaishengtaihuanjingdengwenti。zhongguolvyejituanmeiyouhenzhuazhenggai,laowentiweijiejue、youchuxianxinwenti。cenxixiyouxitukuangyeyouxiangongsiweifanduchazhenggaiyanshouyijian,shanzichaichuweishuichulisheshi、fengtian10gehuanbaojiancejing。quyangjiancexianshi,bikuangkuangshanxiayou2gedibiaoshuitiandanyanzhongchaobiao。

三是環境違法和污染問題突出。經統計,2017年以來,中國鋁業集團下屬企業有63家因環境違法行為被各級生態環境部門處罰,總數高達259次。此次督察又發現多家企業在建設項目環境管理、污染治理、生態保護修復等方面存在問題。中鋁中州鋁業有限公司燒結法氧化鋁4#熟料窯未按環評要求淘汰,每年增加赤泥排放約40萬噸。廣西玉林稀土開發有限公司違反環評要求新建2臺一段式煤氣發生爐。云南楚雄礦冶有限公司六苴礦區Ⅳ期、Ⅴ期持續接替工程未履行環評審批手續。云南云銅鋅業股份有限公司環評批復鋅產能為5萬噸/年,但企業擅自將產能擴大至10.5萬噸/年。

zhongguolvyegufenyouxiangongsiguizhoufengongsikuangyegongsiweifazhanyonglindiwentituchu,tanguanyaolvkuang2014nian10yuezhi2016nian7yueweijinglinyexingzhengzhuguanbumenshenpi,weifazhanyonglindi375mukaicailvtukuang,zhijinweibanlilindishiyongshouxu;2018nianyilaiyouxianhou4ciyuejiekaicai,zaochenglindihezhibeipohuai。

zhongguolvyegufenyouxiangongsiqinghaifengongsiyanghualvyuanliaogongduanweijianshefenchenshoujichulisheshi,wuzuzhipaifangwentituchu;changquyuwufenliubuchedi,weijianshechuqiyushuishoujichulixitong。yunnanwenshandounanmengyegufenyouxiangongsibaigukuangduanpaifangkuangjingshuizhongandan、tie、mengdengnongduchaobiao。

四是環境風險防控工作不力。中國鋁業集團及所屬企業對防范化解環境風險重視不夠,防控措施不到位,環境隱患突出。包頭鋁業有限公司2003年電解鋁項目環評已明確大修渣為危險廢物,但直至2016年才建立管理臺賬;2017年至2018年,在無防滲措施情況下于廠區內填埋大修渣處置后廢渣(危險廢物)約1.1萬噸,環境風險極大。此外,富民薪冶工貿有限公司五華分公司、山西華興鋁業有限公司、遵義鋁業股份有限公司、云南銅業股份有限公司西南銅業分公司、西南鋁業(集團)有限責任公司等企業也存在危險廢物收集、貯存、轉移、處置不規范問題。

zhongguolvyejituanmeinianchinichanshenglianggaodajinqianwandun,danzaichiniwuranzhilihefengxianfangkongshanggongzuobudaowei,bufenyanghualvshengchanqiyechiniwentituchu。zhonglvshandongyouxiangongsidiyichiniku2002niantingyong,anyaoqiuyingzaiyinianneiwanchengbiku,danzhizhi2018niancaiqidongbiku,xianchangduchashirengweiwancheng。zhongguolvyegufenyouxiangongsizhongqingfengongsichiniku2013nianjiuchuxianjianyeshenlouxianxiang,zhongqingshijinanchuanquliangjishengtaihuanjingbumenduociyaoqiuqiyechedizhenggaishenlouwenti,danyizhiweituoshanjiejue。xianchangduchafaxian,chinikujicun5wanlifangmichinishenlvye,xiayourengyou2chushenloudian。qiyejintongguojianshelinshisheshijiangbufenshenlvyehuichouzhiwushuichulichangchuli,zhibiaobuzhiben,huanjingfengxianyinhuanshifentuchu。

yulinxiyouxitukuangyeyouxiangongsiguangxilipuzhiyulingaosugongluxingyeduanyafuxituziyuanqiangjiuxinghuishouliyongxiangmuerchejianweianhuanpingyaoqiujianshehuanbaoyingjichi;shuiyeerchejian、sanchejianyushuishoujichijidaoliuqufangshencuoshiduochuposun。wuzhouxiyouxitukuangyeyouxiangongsitengxianxitukuangjiangmeiyourenhefangshencuoshidetukengshezhiweihuanbaoyingjichi,dibiaoshuilanjiechijinzaichitizhoubianpushefangshenmo,chitidibuwufangshencuoshi。

duchayaoqiu,zhongguolvyejituanyaojianjueguancheluoshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,laogushulilvsefazhanlinian,youhuachanyebuju,jiakuaizhuanxingshengji,nulidazaochengweixingyechuangxinhelvsefazhandeyinlingzhe。quanmianlvxingshengtaihuanjingbaohuzhutizeren,wanshanshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuotizhijizhi,renzhenlvxingshehuizeren,qieshijiejuequnzhongfanyingqiangliedetuchushengtaihuanjingwenti。yaoyiguiyijiyifayansuzerenzhuijiu,duiyushizhishizewenti,yaojinyibushenrudiaocha,fenqingzeren,binganyouguanguidingyansu、jingzhun、youxiaowenze。

duchaqiangdiao,zhongguolvyejituanyinggenjuduchabaogao,zhuajinyanjiuzhidingzhenggaifangan,zai30gegongzuorineibaosongdangzhongyang、guowuyuan。zhenggaifanganhezhenggailuoshiqingkuangyaoanzhaoyouguanguidingxiangshehuigongkai。

duchazuhuanduifaxiandeshengtaihuanjingsunhaizerenzhuijiuwentijinxingleshuli,yianyouguanchengxuhequanxianfenbieyijiaoguowuyuanguoyouzichanjianduguanliweiyuanhuijizhongguolvyejituandangzuchuli。

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