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【東北國企改革樣本】中國一重: 構建新機制 在融入新發展格局中展現更大作為

wenzhanglaiyuan: zhongguoyizhongjituanyouxiangongsi  fabushijian: 2021-04-08

【編者按】近年來,東北地區國資國企深入學習貫徹習近平總書記關于國企改革的重要指示批示精神,堅持問題導向,抓重點、補短板、強弱項,扎實推進各項改革,并在改革重要領域和關鍵環節取得了一系列重大進展,取得了較好實效。4月7日起,英亞體育網站推出“東北國企改革樣本”系列報道,敬請關注。

jianlizaiheilongjiangshengqiqihaershifulaerjiqudezhongguoyizhongjituanyouxiangongsi(jianchengzhongguoyizhong)shiwoguo“yiwu”qijian156xiangzhongdiangongchengzhiyi,congdanshengkaishi,jiujianfuqile“fazhanzhuangdaminzuzhuangbeigongye,weihuguojiaguofanganquan、kejianquan、chanyeanquanhejingjianquan,daibiaoguojiacanyuquanqiujingzheng”dechuxinheshiming。67nianlai,zhongguoyizhongweiguominjingjijianshetigongjixiechanpin500wandun,kaifayanzhixinchanpin400duoxiang,tianbuguoneigongyechanpinjishukongbai400duoxiang,bujindaidonglewoguozhongxingjixiezhizaoshuipingdezhengtitisheng,huanyoulidizhichengleguominjingjiheguofangjianshe,weiwoguogongyetixijianshediandinglejianshijichu。

要生存要發展 就要改革

4nianqiandezhongguoyizhong,huanshilingyifanjingxiang: lianniankuisun,shikuisuneduzuida、kunnanchengduzuigaodeyangqizhiyi。mianduishengsicunwangdejueze,ruhetongguoshenhuagaige,rangzheyangyijiaguanhuguojiaanquanheguominjingjimingmodegugandaxingyangqizouchukunjing,yizhichengweizhongguoyizhonglingdaobanzisikaodewenti。

“yizhongyaoshengcun、yaofazhan,jiuyaogaige”。zhongguoyizhonglingdaobanzirenzhenshulijihuajingjiniandaiyiliudeqiyejibihelishiwenti,juedingxiancongxiebaofukaishi,yishixianqiyedeqingzhuangshangzhen。4nianduolai,zhongguoyizhongyishichanghuajizhigaigeweidaoxiang,jianlileyizhengtaoshichanghuadeyunxingjizhi,tichubingshishileliangzhi、lianggezhongxin、wugetixide“225”guanlichuangxintixi,quelileyiyingxiaoweilongtoudejingyingxinjizhi,tuijinle“1+10”quanmianyusuanmubiaojilitixi,shishi“shuangdabiao”shengchanzuoyexianchangguanlitixi,zhuahao“shuangwu”jingyinghedangjianronghetixi,goujianleshiyingshichangyunxingdejingyingtizhi,dapoleyanyongjishiniande“gongchangzhi”guanlitizhi;ciwai,congyuantoushuligongsijingyinggehuanjie,zhiding《jifenquanshouce》,jiangdongshihuiyunxingjizhiyujituanguankongjizhirongweiyiti,shixianjituanguankongnenglidequanmiantisheng、ziyuanpeizhiheliyongdezuidahua,congertongguo“guankong”chuancheng“zhili”,“zhili”chengzai“guankong”,shixianlezhubufenceng、fenjiguanlishiyingshichangbianhuadeyunxingtizhi。zhongguoyizhongtongguojijitansuogaozhiliangfazhandexinjizhi、xinmoshi、xinlujing,bashichanghuagaigeguanchuanyuqiyeguanliquanguocheng,qiyehuolidonglixianzhuzengqiang,xiaolvxiaoyigengjiatuxian,shunlishixianleyinianniukui、liangnianfanfan、sanniankuayuedegongzuochengxiao。

發展無止境 改革不停歇

zaigaigequdexinjinzhanxinchengxiaohou,zhongguoyizhongjixujiadagaigebufa,buduanbagaigexiangzongshentuijin。2018nian9yue26ri,xijinpingzongshujikaochazhongguoyizhongbingduiguoyouqiyegaigefazhanhedangdejianshezuolezhongyaozhishi。liangnianduolai,zhongguoyizhongyixijinpingzongshujizhongyaozhishiweizhiyin,zhuazhudongbeidiquzhongyangqiyezonghegaigeshidianyouliqiji,tongguochuangjian“wuxiangjizhi”,zhulijiejuemianlindekunnanhetiaozhan,qiyezhubumairulegaozhiliangfazhandexinjieduan。

guoqigaigesannianxingdongkaishihou,zhongguoyizhongchuangjian“xinsixiangyinling”changxiaojizhi,jianggaigerenwuxihuawei8gezhongdian、40xiangshishilujing、85tiaojuticuoshi,bingjinxingsanjiguabiaoduzhan;jubanlefugaiquantizhigongdexuexixijinpingzongshujishichazhongguoyizhongzhongyaozhishijingshenzhuantiyantaoban,gongkaizhanyantao141ci、jiangdangke229chang;jianchizhengzhixuexi“jinbanzu、shangjichuang”,yi“banqianhuichendu”dengweizaiti,daizhuwentixue、lianxishijixue;zongjietilianchu“xuexiguanchexijinpingzongshujizhongyaojianghuahezhongyaozhishipishijingshenshiergegongzuofangfalun”,chenglile15gexuexiguanchexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangshijianketizu;chizhiyihengzhuahaoguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujishichazhongguoyizhongzhongyaozhishijingshen、tuijingaozhiliangfazhan、quanmianshenhuagaige、luoshiguojiazhongdaxiangmusige“guabiaoduzhan”,xingchenggongtongtuidonggaigefazhandexinjumian。

堅持市場化路徑 構建“兩個合同”退出機制

guoyouqiye“tiefanwan”suiyidapo,“daguofan”suiyiquxiao,danhuolidonglishangweiwanquanjihuo。zhongguoyizhongzailaodonghetongjichushang,quanyuanqianding《gangweihetong》,yilaodonghetongjiejueyuangongshenfenwenti,yigangweihetongjiejuelaodongbiaozhunwenti。duiyugejilingdaoganbu,anzhaoshichanghuaxuanpin、qiyuehuaguanli、chayihuaxinchou、shichanghuatuichu”degaigeyaoqiu,lixiajunlingzhuang,mingquezequanli,wanbuchengmubiaoshouru60%、mubiaolirun70%dezidongjiezhi,jiechugangweihetonghou,yilv“tuichanghuanyuan”,zhibaoliugongchengdengxiangyingxiliezhichenggangweiheputongyuangongshenfen。

堅持高素質專業化原則 構建“五個通道”晉升機制

qianjunwanmaguodumuqiao,dangbulexingzhenglingdaojiumeiyouchulu,shizhiyuebushaoguoqiganbuzhigongfazhanqianjingdezhongyaopingjing。weijiejuezheyiwenti,zhongguoyizhongjinjinweiraopeiyangzaojiugaosuzhizhuanyehuarencaiduiwu,tuchuchuangxinchuangyechuangzao,jianlilebutongleixingrencaidejinshengjizhi,shixiangeleirencaichengchangzongxiangkechangtong、hengxiangnenghudong。zaixingzhengzhiwuxuliezhiwai,zhongguoyizhongdatonglejishuyanfarenyuan、yingxiaorenyuan、guanlirenyuan、dangwurenyuan、jinengrenyuanwugejinshengtongdao,fen6gezhiji,2zhi3nianyigetaijie,xihuazhijijinshengpingjiabiaozhun,meinianyipingding,ranggeleirencaiganshidouyoubentou、chengchangdouyoukongjian;tongshi,zaiduotongdaozongxiangguantongjichushang,youzhubushixianlehengxianghudong,renyuanxianghujiaoliu、shenfenxianghuzhuanhua,houbeirencaichengchi,yuantouhuoshuishixian。

堅持按貢獻分配導向 構建“五個傾斜”激勵機制

anlaofenpei,duolaoduode,shiguoqifenpeizhidugaigedezongtifangxiang,danluoshiqilaibingfeiyishi。zhongguoyizhongzaishijianzhongtansuolezijidezuofa,yishijianchixinchoufenpeixiangyingxiao、gaokejiyanfa、kuxianzangleicha、gaojiguanli、gaojinengwuleirenyuanqingxie,mingquejiangzhigongshouruzengchangzhibiaoxieruqiyeniandujihuahezhongchangqifazhanguihua,narugongsigaozhiliangfazhanjiudaguanjiankaohezhibiaozhiyi,bingmingquele“quebao”“lizheng”“chuangyou”sangecengjixinchouzhibiaozengchangjizhi;ershishishi“baimingrencaigongcheng”,chutailegongsi、zhishudanwei、zhizaochangsanji“daguogongjiang”“shouxijinengdashi”pingpinbanfa,gongsijidaguogongjiang、shouxijinengdashi,meinianxiangshou6wanyuan、4.2wanyuangongsitetie,chalvdengangongsierjidanweizheng、fuzhibiaozhunzhixing,rangjuyoujuezhaojuejidegaojinengrencaiyenengnagaoxin。

創建“三個需求”共享機制 企業發展成果與職工共享

zhigongshiqiyezuoqiangzuodadezhutililiang,qiyeshizhigongshengcunfazhandezhongyaobaozhang。weidazaoqiyeyuzhigongshiyeliyihemingyungongtongti,zhongguoyizhongchuangjian“sangexuqiu”gongxiangjizhi,quanlibaozhangzhigong“shengchanshenghuo”“wentihuodong”he“minzhuguanli”xuqiu,xianhouliyongjiuchangfanggaijianzhandi6800pingfangmidezhigongshitang,weiquantizhigongtigongjiucanbuzhu10yuan/tian,bingxiujianzhigongyuchi,jianshejiyiyao、chaoshi、xiyi、shuwudengweiyitide“huiminzhijia”,tongshizi2017nianqimeinianweiquantizhigongbanlimianfeitijianhebuchongyiliaobaoxian;xiushanwenhuagong、dianyingyuan、tiyuchang“sandachangguan”,jianshezhongguoyizhong“zhanlanguan”hongsejiaoyujidi,beipingwei“guojiagongyelvyoushifanjidi”;mingquechangwugongkai“wugeguifan”“sijigongkaitixi”,meiniannianchuzhaokailiangjizhidaihui,renzhenluoshidaibiaotian,bingsheli326ge“zhigongdaibiaojiandugang”,meinianjinxing3ciyishangzhigongdaibiaoxunshijiancha,fugaimiandadao95%yishang,zhigongzhurenwengyishibuduanzengqiang。

tongguojianlijianquan“wuxiangjizhi”,zhongguoyizhongzaidangdejianshe、shengchanyunying、kejichuangxin、jichuguanli、gongjiangongxiangdengfangmianqudelexianzhuchengxiao。lixiangxinniangengjiajianding,xingchengle“tishengqiyedangjianzhiliangliubufa”deng18xiangchengguo;shulichu“yixiaoliangman”fazhanpingjing,zhongdianjiejueleshenhuagaige、jiaqiangguanlideng7gefangmianjutiwenti,zhigongmanyilvda97%yishang;chuangxinbufagengjiayouli,8xiangjiejue“kabozi”wentidekejichengguowenshi,xiapushifankuaidui“5·20”guanjianjiedianshouzhangaojie,ronghuoguojiakejijinbutejiang1xiang、yidengjiang1xiang、erdengjiang2xiang、shengbujiyishangkejijinbujiang17xiang。2020nian,zhongguoyizhongyoujiaochuleyifennishizengchangdejinglichengjidan: jingliruntongbizengchang86.77%,lirunzongetongbizengchang60%,yingyeshourutongbizengchang45.8%,lianxusiniangexiangjingjizhibiaochixuzengchang。

weigaigezhejin,weichuangxinzheqiang,weigaigechuangxinzhesheng。weilai,zhongguoyizhongjiangjinyibuxuexiguanchexijinpingzongshujiguanyuguoyouqiyegaigefazhanhedangdejianshezhongyaolunshu,shenruluoshixijinpingzongshujishichazhongguoyizhongzhongyaozhishijingshen,buduanshenhuazonghegaigeshidian,zhulituidongzizhuchuangxin,jiakuaijiegoudiaozhengbufa,jinyibuwanshanshichanghuajingyingjizhi,cujinqiyegaigefazhanzaishangxintaijie,zhulixinshidaidongbeiquanmianzhenxing。

【zerenbianji: zhaoyihan】

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