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人民日報: 改革蹄疾步穩 央企活力迸發

wenzhanglaiyuan: renminribao  fabushijian: 2021-06-24

qunian6yue30ri,zhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigeweiyuanhuidishisicihuiyishenyitongguole《guoqigaigesannianxingdongfangan(2020—2022nian)》。yinianlai,gezhongyangqiyegaoduzhongshi、xunsuxingdong,bashishiguoqigaigesannianxingdongzuoweizhongdazhengzhirenwuzhuajinzhuashi,chengxianchuangyangxiangshang、huanranyixindegaigexinqixiang,weishixianzuoqiangzuoyouzuoda、jiakuaidazaoshijieyiliuqiyediandinglejianshijichu。guoqigaigesannianxingdongzhong,zhongyangqiyezhongdiangailenaxielingyuhehuanjie,shoudaolezenyangdechengxiao?benbaoriqianduiangangjituan、zhongguoyizhong、zhongguoyiqisanjiaqiyejinxinglecaifang。

——bian zhe

鞍鋼集團

圍繞“授權+同利” 增強內生動力

cong2011niantouchanhoulianxukuisun、yidubeirendingwei“jiangshiqiye”,dao2016nianshishiqiyuehuachengbaojingying、dangnianshixianniukuiweiying,zaidao2020nianshixianlirun9.44yiyuan、tongbizengchang15%……angangjituanchaoyanggangtiegongsijinglileyichang“zhongsheng”。

yuchaoyanggangtieleisi,angangjituanciqianyezouruguojingyingkunjing。fenxiyuanyin,angangjituandangweifushujilibaoqingzongjielesandian: tizhijizhiduanbantuchu,daozhiqiyeneishengdonglibuzu、zhigongjijixingbugou;boliqiyebanshehuizhinenghejiejuelishiyiliuwentirenwujianju;gangtiexingyejingzhengjilie。

ruhezengqiangqiyeneishengdongli?chuluweiyougaige。“liangcigaige,liangcituotaihuangu。”chaoyanggangtiegongsizongjingliyangxuhuigulegaigelicheng: 2016nian,diyicigaige,yi“jianhua、shoushen、fangquan”weizhongdian,yuangongjiandiaoyibanduo,laodongshengchanlvtisheng60%,chubujiejuelerenyuanrongyu、xiaolvdixiadewenti;2020nian,diercigaige,yijingyingjianmo、“shouquan+tongli”、chengbenbiangeweizhongdianwanshanshichanghuayunyingjizhi。

“shouquan”,jiushiranggengtiejinshichangdegangweiyougengdajuecequanhehuayuquan。

angangjituantupoguanlicengji,duichaoyanggangtie“chuantoushi”shouquan,yunxuqigongzizongeshixingyusuanbeianzhi、duichaoelirunbufendanduhesuan,fuyuqigengdadexinchoufenpeizizhuquan;ziqiyeanshangangtiejianggudingzichantouzi、xuanrenyongren、xinchoufenpei、wuzicaigou、shichangxiaoshoudengquanlixiafanggeichaoyanggangtie;chaoyanggangtiezishenyeshishineibujingzhunshouquan,bajigoubianzhi、xuanrenyongren、xinchoufenpei、caigouhefuchanxiaoshoujuecedengquanlixiafanggeichangchang、gongquchang,xiashu“sichangsanzhongxin”zizhujingying,chengweidulideneibushichangzhuti。

“tongli”,jiushibiangefenpeijizhi,qianghuayejidaoxiang,shixianshouyigongxiang。

yifangmian,zaixinchoufenpeishangzuowenzhang,rangyixianyuangongxianxiangchaoelirunhongli,zhixingcengfenpeizhanbi84%。2020nian,chaoeliruntiqu1/3quanyuangongxiang,shengchancaozuogangweirenjunshourutongbizengchang39.4%,shixianleshouruhexiaoyitongbuzengchang。

lingyifangmian,zaixuanrenyongrenshang,jianlishichanghuaxuanbarenyongjizhi。biru“liangquyifenli”,tongguoqushenfen、qutaijie、gangjifenliqianghuajingzheng。qunian,17mingshengchancaozuorenyuanzoushangguanlijishugangwei,qizhong8mingnianqingzhigongchenggongjingpinchangchangzhuligangwei。

yichaoyanggangtiegaigeweiyangben,angangzaiquanjituantuiguang“shouquan+tongli”shichanghuagaige。anzhao“jituanzongbuguanziben、ziqiyeguanzichan、zhizaodanyuanguanshengchan”desanjiguankongjiagou,jianchi“yingfangjinfang”,jituanjingjianshenpishixiang24.4%,duiziqiyeshenpishixiangzuiduo45xiang、zuishao31xiang,tuidong“jituan—ziqiye—danyuanqiye”zhujishouquanfangquanluoshidaowei,dazaozhimianshichangdegejijingyingzhuti。zhigongshouruyewenbuzengchang,2020nian,zaigangzhigonggongzizengchang10.5%,jinnianyijiduyoutigao10.9%。

2020nian,angangshixianlirun134yiyuan,chuanglishizuihaoshuiping;jinnian1yuezhi4yue,jituanjingyingxiaoyizaichuangxingao,shixianlirun108yiyuan,shiquniantongqide16bei,shi2019niantongqide8bei。“shebeihuanshiyuanyoushebei,zhigongyehuanshiyuanyouzhigong。tongguogaige,qiyehuolidonglixianzhuzengqiang、xiaoyixianzhutisheng。”libaoqingshuo,guoqigaigesannianxingdongzhong,angangquedingde76xianggaigerenwuyiquanmianqidong,xiayibujituanjiangjiandingbuyituijingaige,nulishixiangaozhiliangfazhan。

中國一重

向市場要效益 以改革促發展

jinnian1zhi4yue,lirunzongetongbizengchang38.3%、yingyeshourutongbizengchang12.9%。zheshizhongguoyizhongjiaochudeliangli“chengjidan”。

hennanxiangxiang,jinianqiandezhongguoyizhong,huanshilingyifanjingxiang: jigouyongzhong、baofuchenzhong、guannianchenjiu,2014nianzhi2016nianlianxu3niankuisun,yizhonggufenyidumianlintuishifengxian。

zhuanbianyuanyugaige。“mianduizhongzhongyali,womenkaizhanledataolun,dajiayizhirenwei,yaoxiangrangyizhongzouchukunjing,chulegaigebiewutafa。”zhongguoyizhongjituangongsidangweifushujizhangzhenrongshuo。

gaigediyibu,jiefangsixiang、zhuanbianguannian。jutizenmegan?lingdaoganbudaitoupaoshichang。jituanyaoqiu,lingdaobanzichengyuanmeirenmeiyueyaozoufang20jiadanwei,paoshichang、dinghuikuan,yicipeiyangshichangyishi。

2017nianyilai,zhongguoyizhongdongzhenpengying,jianchi“bubiansixiangjiuhuanren”。jiezhimuqian,gongdiaozhengguannianzhihou、bushiyinggaigefazhanxuyaodelingdaoganbu98ren。zaicijichushang,zhongguoyizhongquelileyiyingxiaoweilongtoudejingyingxinjizhi,zuodao“shichangzainali,xiaoshougongzuojiuzuodaonali”。

gaigedierbu,jianlishichanghuayunxingjizhi。qiyeguanlideguanjianzaiyuren。weigenghaojifayuangongjijixing,zhongguoyizhongquanmiantuixing“lianggehetong”zhidu,yilaodonghetongjiejueshenfenwenti,yigangweihetongjiejuejinchuwenti。

zhongguoyizhonghuanjijituixingchayihuaxinchouzhidu,zuodao“wugeqingxie”——xiangyingxiao、gaokejiyanfa、gaojiguanli、gaojineng、kuxianzangleidengwuleirenyuanqingxie。tongshi,jiangzhigongshouruzengchangmubiaonaruqiyeniandujihuahezhongchangqifazhanguihua,shixinchoufenpeiyuyusuanwanchengqingkuang、jixiaokaohejieguoguagou。

“youmianziyoushihui,yaobaogule,ganjingshizu。”zhongguoyizhongzhuduangangshiyeburechulichangrechulisanbanbanchangwangguofengshixinchougaigedeshouyizhe,zuoweigaojinengrencai,takezaizhengchangshourujichushang,meiyuexiangshougongsizhuanxiangbutie5000yuan。

tongguozhidujianshe,zhongguoyizhongshixianlecong“jigouyongzhong”xiang“jinggangaoxiao”zhuanbian、cong“yaowogan”xiang“woyaogan”zhuanbian、cong“daguofan”xiang“chayihua”zhuanbian。

gaigedisanbu,jiansheyiqiyeweizhuti、shichangweidaoxiang、chanxueyanxiangjiehedekaifangshikejichuangxintixi。yifangmian,wanshanfenhong、guquandengbutongxingshidejianglifenpeijizhi,mingquejishu、yanfarenyuankelianxu3niancongkeyanchengguozhuanhuatouchandelirunzhongtiqu5%zuoweifenhong。lingyifangmian,jijituijinquanyuanchuangxin,shelichuangxinhuodongshi110ge,ningjuchuangxinrencai3000yuren,wanchengjicengchuangxinketi620xiang,leijichuangxiaojin7yiyuan。2017nianyilai,zhongguoyizhongyanfatourunianjunzengchanglvda32.9%,2020nianyanfatouruzengchanglvgengshigaoda76.5%,leijichengdanguojiazhongdiankeyanrenwu28xiang,huoshengbujiyishangkejijinbujiang26xiang。

中國一汽

重塑體制機制 強化自主創新

bushaoqiyou,gaishaoqingqi;bujinshixianneiranjilingtanpaifang、wuranwulingpaifang,rexiaolvzhibiaotongyangguojilingxian……riqianjubandeyicipinpaizhanlanshang,zhongguoyiqishejiyanfadeqingnengfadongjixiyinlebushaorenguanzhu。

guoquyinian,yiqizizhukaifadegaoxiaoshuangdianjihundongxitong、guoneishouchuangbingliangchandezongzhishishishuanglihezidongbiansuqideng43xiangguanjianhexinjishuqudezhongdatupo,huodeshouquanzhuanli2814xiang,tongbizengchang183%,zhuanligongkaishuliangminglieqichexingyediyi。

zizhuchuangxinchengguodejielianwenshi,yuanzizhongguoyiqitizhijizhigaigedebuduanshenru。jinnianlai,zhongguoyiqiduiqiyeneibutizhijizhijinxinglequanmianzhongsu,youxiaojifaleganbuzhigongganshichuangyedejingqishen——

diaozhengzuzhijiagouheguanlitizhi。yiqimingquele“miaozhunshichang、jujiaozizhu、qianghuachuangxin、tuchutizhijizhi”degaigezhongdian,duiqiyeguanlitizhihezuzhijiagoudonglechang“shoushu”。guoqu,jituanzongbuchengdandeduoweiguihua、tongji、caiwu、jianguandengzhineng,rujin,yiqizhujianmosuochuyitaojiejue“zongbujiguanhua”qingxiangdeguanganjiehe、fenleiguankongxinmoshi。tongguochuangxinhua、tixihua、shuzihuajianshe,jijinyibutishenglejituan“guan”denenglihexiaoneng,youlishunlezongbuhefenzigongsideguanliguanxi,shixianlegeyewudanyuanyanchangongxiaoyitiaolong、zequanlixiangtongyi,youxiaoqianghualegeyewudanyuandeshichangzhutigongneng。

chixuwanshanshichanghuajingyingjizhi。2017nian,yiqiquanmianqidongyiganbunengshangnengxia、xinchounenggaonengdi、yuangongnengjinnengchu、jigounengzengnengjianweihexinde“sineng”gaige,zongbulvxian、fenzigongsigenjin,2.8wanduorencanjiajingpin,1700duorenjinrurengangpipeizhongxindaigang。2020nian,youmianxiangquanyuanshishixinsannianrenqigaige,jibendachengchuandiyali、zengqiangdongli、jifahuoli、tigaonenglidemubiao。

diaozhengkejichuangxintizhijizhi。chuangxinyanfamoshi,goujianyiqi、dongfeng、bingzhuang(changan)yangqixinxingqichechanyechuangxinlianheti,yu20duojiazhongyangqiyekaizhanzhanlvehezuo,yuzhongkeyuan、jilindaxuedengchengli31jiaxietongchuangxinshiyanshi、5jiajichuyingyongshiyanshi。dazaorencaigaodi,dajianrencaichengchangtongdao,zhidingshishi“chuangxinshitiao”dengzhengce,chixujiadachuangxinxiangmuhekeyantuanduijililidu。tigaoyanfatouruqiangdu,2020nianyiqiyanfatouru206yiyuan,jiao2017nianzengchang48.4%,qizhonghongqipinpaiyanfatouruzhanyingyeshourubizhongda10%yishang。

quanmianshenhuagaige,tuidongyiqijingyingyejiwenzhongxianghao,zizhupinpaikuaisufazhan。2020nian,yiqishixianxiaoliang370.6wanliang,tongbizengchang7.1%;yingyeshouru6974.2yiyuan,tongbizengchang12.9%,shixianxiaoliang、shouru、liruntongshikuaisuzengchang;hongqipinpai、jiefangpinpaixiaoliangfenbiecong2017niande4700duoliang、29.1wanliangzengzhi2020niande20wanliang、47.4wanliang。

【zerenbianji: zhangsijia】

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