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國資報告: 改革風正勁 破浪立潮頭——從國企改革發展新聞發布會高頻詞透視國企改革

wenzhanglaiyuan: 《guozibaogao》zazhi  fabushijian: 2021-03-01

2yue23ri,yingyatiyuduiwaigongbuguoyouqiyegaigefazhanzuixinqingkuang。fabuhuiquancheng70fenzhong,tiji“jianguan”47ci,“gaige”25ci,“fengxian”21ci,“zhongzu”15ci,“kejichuangxin”14ci,“yidaiyilu”12ci……

dashujulikangaige,gaopincibeihouzheshechudeshiguoziyangqipojugongjiandeyingheliliang:

“shisanwu”shiqi,yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanyiguanzibenweizhujinxingziwogeming,“sanweiyiti”guozijianguantizhitansuochengxing;guoqigaigekenyinggu、shexiantan,jiejueleyipi“laodanan”wenti;yangqibuyiyulizengjiayanfatouru,jijugaocengcichuangxinrencai,weiweilaijixuhoujing;yangqishengeng“yidaiyilu”,jiandingbuyihezuokaifang,weiguojihuajingyingnenglichixutishengdaxiajianshijichu。

jianxintansuo,zhongjieshuoguo。jiezhi2020niandi,quanguoguozixitongjianguanqiyezichanzongedadao218.3wanyiyuan,2020nianyingyeshouru59.5wanyiyuan、lirunzongedadaole3.5wanyiyuan,“shisanwu”qijiannianjunzengsufenbieshi12.7%、7.4%、10.7%,wunianlaishixianle“liang、zhi、xiao”qisheng。

“三位一體”國資監管體制加速成熟定型

——fabuhuiquanchengweihe47citiji“jianguan”?yinwei,wanshandeguoyouzichanjianguantizhishiguoyouqiyegaigefazhandezhongyaobaozhang,guanxiguoqigaigequanju。

zidangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuitichu“yiguanzibenweizhujiaqiangguoyouzichanjianguan”yilai,guoyouzichanjianguantizhigaigejiuchengweixinyilunguoziguoqigaigedezhongdianrenwu。

yiguanzibenweizhujiaqiangguoyouzichanjianguan,jiushiyaodapochuantongtizhi,shiyingguoyouzichanzibenhua、guoyouguquanduoyuanhuadefazhanshiji,gengjiazunzhongqiyeshichangzhutidiweiheqiyefarencaichanquan,xiaochuguozijianguanyuewei、quewei、cuoweidexianxiang。

yi“guanziben”weigaigeyuandian,guozijianguantizhijinglileyichangquanfangweide、shencengcide、genbenxingdebiange。

congjianguandingweihelinianshangkan: 5nianlai,gaigejinyibulishunlezhengfuheguoyouqiyedechuziguanxi,liqinglechuzirendaibiaoyujianguanqiyedezhizebianjie,gengjiazhuzhongtongguofarenzhilijiegoulailvxingchuzirenzhize,zhengqifenkai、zhengzifenkaichixushenhua,genghaodicujinhebaozhangguoyouqiyechengweidulideshichangzhuti。

congjianguanduixianghezhongdianshangkan: 5nianlai,yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanjiakuaibajianguanzhongdianfangzaiguanhaozibenbuju、guifanzibenyunzuo、tigaozibenhuibao、weihuzibenanquanshanglai,duiguoyouzibentouzigongsi、yunyinggongsi、chanyejituan“yiqiyice”shishishouquanfangquan,qieshifangzhiguoyouzichanliushi、cujinguoyouzichanbaozhizengzhi。

congjianguantujinghefangshishangkan: 5nianlai,juyouchuzirentesedequanliantiao、quanguocheng、quanfangweidejianguan,hangaileguihuazhiyin、chanquanguanli、caiwujianguan、kaohefenpei、jianduzhuizedenggegehuanjie,chuzirenzhize、guozijianguanzhize、qiyedangdejianshezhize,fugaileguoyouqiyegaigefazhanhedangdejianshedegefangmian,jianquanguozijianguanfaguizhidutixi,tongguozhuanyehua、tixihua、fazhihuajianguan,genghaotuidongguoyouzibenheguoyouqiyezuoqiangzuoyouzuoda。

tansuoshijianjichushang,guanzibenyuguandangjianxiangjiehe、lvxingchuzirenzhizeyulvxingguozijianguanzhizexiangjiehe、dangneijianduyuchuzirenjianduxiangjiehede“sanweiyiti”guozijianguantizhi,yijingchengweiguojiazhilitixideyigezhongyaozuchengbufen。

yifazhanhenglianggaigechengxiao,“shisanwu”qijian,zhongyangqiyezichanzongelianxutupo50wanyi、60wanyiguankou,yankongfengxianweifashengyiqizhaiquanweiyue,pingjunfuzhailvjiangdao64.5%,yuanmanwancheng“sannianzichanfuzhailvxiajianglianggebaifendian”mubiaorenwu,chengjidebeihoulibukaichixushenhuadeguozijianguantizhigaigezuoweizhichenghebaozhang。

fangyan“shisiwu”,yingyatiyudangweishuji、zhurenhaopengbiaoshi,shenhuaguoziguoqigaige,yaojinyibujujiaoguanzibenlaitishengguozijianguanxiaoneng,shenrutuijinjingyingxingguoyouzichanjizhongtongyijianguan,chongfenfahuihaoyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanzhuanyehua、tixihua、fazhihuadejianguanyoushi,weizuoqiangzuoyouzuodaguoyouzibenheguoyouqiye、fahuihaoguoyoujingjizhanlvezhichengzuoyong、jiakuaijiansheshijieyiliuqiyetigongtizhibaozhang。

國企改革動真碰硬向縱深挺進

——xinwenfabuhuiquancheng25citiji“gaige”,jiakuai、cujin、luoshi、chengxiao、shenhuadengyuzhixiangguancihuiyeduocichuxian,zujiangaigejuexinzhijianding、liduzhida。

guoyouqiyeshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidewuzhijichu、zhengzhijichu,shiwomendangzhizhengxingguodezhongyaozhizhuheyikaoliliang。zuoqiangzuoyouzuodaguoyouqiye,bixuyikaogaigeyouhua。

kenyinggu,shexiantan,xinyilunshenhuaguoqigaigezhendaozhenqiang,benzhuwentierlai。

yixieqiyeshichangzhutidiweishangweizhenzhengqueli,xiandaiqiyezhiduhuanbujianquan,guoyouzichanjianguantizhiyoudaiwanshan,qiyebanshehuizhinenghelishiyiliuwentihuanweiwanquanjiejue……shibadayilai,zhenduiyipichenjiduonian、zulizhongzhongde“laodanan”wenti,dangzhongyangduocizhaokaizhongyangshengaiweihuiyiyijiqitazhuanyexinghuiyi,shendingguoqigaige“1+n”zhengcetixi,guoqigaigedingcengshejidajianxingcheng。

quanmianfali、pojuchuangguan。“‘shisanwu’qijian,guoyouqiyegaigebuduanxiangzongshentuijin,jiejueleyipichangqixiangjiejueermeiyoujiejuedewenti,qudeleyixiliezhongdajinzhanhezhongyaochengguo。”haopengfabuhuishangbiaoshi。

5nianlai,guoyouqiyequanmianwanchenggongsizhigaizhi,shoucishixianguoyouqiyegongnengfenlei,qiyebanshehuihelishiyiliuwentizongtijiejue。“sangelishixingtupo”,pochugaigetizhijizhizuai。

5nianlai,jianshezhongguotesexiandaiqiyezhidu、jianquanshichanghuajingyingjizhi、hunhesuoyouzhigaige、guoyoujingjibujuyouhuahejiegoudiaozheng、wanshanguoyouzichanjianguantizhideng“wugeshizhixingjinzhan”,jifaguoyouqiyehuoli、jingzhengli。

5nianlai,guoyouqiyedangdelingdaohedangdejianshededaogenbenxingjiaqiang。“yigegenbenxingjiaqiang”,weiqiyegaigefazhantigongjianqiangbaozheng。

“shisanwu”shiqi,“sangelishixingtupo”、“wugeshizhixingjinzhan”、“yigegenbenxingjiaqiang”wei“shisiwu”guoyouqiyegaozhiliangfazhantigongleqiangdadongli,yeweiguoqigaigexiangzongshentuijindiandinglejichu。

2021nian,“shisiwu”kaiju,guoqigaigesannianxingdongjinruguanjianzhinian,gongjianzhinian。haopengbiaoshi,guoqigaigejiangjindingzhongdiannandianwentifaligongjian,lizhengjinnianniandishixianguoqisanniangongjianrenwude70%,tuidongguoyouqiyegaigesannianxingdongqudejuedingxingchengxiao。

gaigegongjianzhinian“xingdongtu”yiranhuijiu——

tuidongluoshi《guanyuzhongyangqiyezaiwanshangongsizhilizhongjiaqiangdangdelingdaoderuoganyijian(shixing)》,jinyibutuidongshouquanfangquan,jianjuefangzhiguoyouzichanliushi,gaigezaiwanshanzhili、jianquantizhishangjinyibufaligongjian。

luoshihao《guanyuxinshidaituijinguoyoujingjibujuyouhuahejiegoudiaozhengdeyijian》,jiadaqianzhanxingzhanlvexingxinxingchanyedenglingyudebujulidu,jiadazhanlvexingzhongzuhezhuanyehuazhenghe,gaigezaiyouhuabuju、henzhuachuangxinshangjinyibufaligongjian。

shenhuagongyileiyewudefenleihesuanhefenleikaohe,quanmiantuixingjinglicengrenqizhiheqiyuehuaguanli,jianlijuyoushichangjingzhengyoushidehexinguanjianrencaixuanrenyongrenhexinchoujilijizhizhidu,jijicujinhunhesuoyouzhiqiyezhuanhuanjingyingjizhi。gaigezaijifahuoli、tigaoxiaolvshangjinyibufaligongjian。

anzhao“kehengliang、kekaohe、kejianyan、yaobanshide”mubiaoyaoqiu,guozigaigesannianxingdongzhongzaizhualuoshi、jianshixiao。daopaigongqi、guatuzuozhan,guoziguoqigaigexinchengxiaozhengjiasuxingcheng。

重組整合 國有資本結構量變質優

——15citiji“zhongzu”,11citiji“buju”,gaigegaopincishifangchuqiangliexinhao:

“shisiwu”shiqi,youhuaguoyouzibenbujujiegoubufachaozhufuwuguojiazhanlvemubiao、genghaoshiyinggaozhiliangfazhanhegoujianxinfazhangejukengqiangmaijin。

jiangshijiandezhizhenbohui2020nianchu,zhongyangqiyewenlingerdong、kangjiyiqingdeshenyingzhijinlingrenjiyiyouxin: zaihubeiwuhankangyizhuzhanchang,yong10duotianshijianjiujianliqihuoshenshan、leishenshanyiyuan;zaifangyiwuziyichangjinqueqingkuangxia,jinjizhuanchanyanzhilekouzhaoji、yatiaojideng;zaikangjiyiqingzuiguanjiandelingyu,zhongyangqiyezhengfenduomiao、fenligongguan,guoyaojituanlvxianyanzhichenggongxinguanmiehuoyimiao,binghuopifutiaojianshangshi,weizhanshengyiqingzhurulejiandingxinxin,tigongleyoulizhicheng。

3月29日,中國石化儀征化纖首條線熔噴布投產成功,產品下線。

dazhandakaozhong,zhongyangqiyejingshoulekaoyan、zhangxianledandang、zhanshileshili、yingdelezanyu。daguozhongqidingliangzhuzaiguanjianshikeyechongfenzhengmingle,zuoqiangzuoyouzuodaguoyouqiyezaifuwuzhichengguojiazhanlvezhongdezhongyaozuoyong。

xinyilunshenhuaguoqigaigeyilai,yingyatiyuweiraotishengguoyoujingjizhengtigongnenghexiaolv,tigaoguoyouqiyehexinjingzhengli,zengqiangguoyoujingjihuolidengmubiao,yigonggeicejiegouxinggaigeweizhuxian,shenrutuijinguoyouzibenjinyibuxiangfuheguojiazhanlvedezhongdianxingye、guanjianlingyuheyoushiqiyejizhong,guoyoujingjibujuhejiegoudechixuyouhua。

yizhongzuzhengheweili,baogangwugangzhongzuhou,tongguofazhangaoduanchanpin、taotailuohouchanneng,zaigangtiexingyezhuanxingshengjizhongfahuidaidongzuoyong;zhenghesandashiyougongsi8.86wangongliyouqiguandaochengliguojiaguanwangjituan,weiyouqiguanwangjichusheshixiangquanshehuigongpingkaifang,weitongchouguandaojiansheheyunying,genghaodizaiquanguofanweineijinxingyouqiziyuandediaopeitigongleyoulizhicheng。

國家管網集團整合三大石油公司8.86萬公里油氣管道,為油氣管網基礎設施向全社會公平開放。

“shisanwu”shiqi,yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanjiakuaituijinguoyouzibenbujuyouhuahejiegoudiaozheng,xianhouwancheng12zu24jiazhongyangqiyedezhongzu,xinzujianhejieshoule5jiaqiye,zhongyangqiyeshuliangcong“shierwu”mode106jiadiaozhengdaomuqiande97jia。

liangdebianhuacuishengzhidegaishan。haopengbiaoshi,“shisanwu”qijian,zhongyangqiyelaodongshengchanlvnianjunzengsudadao7.8%,yingyeshourulirunlvtisheng1.7gebaifendian,zichanfuzhailvjiangdi2.2gebaifendian。“liangshengyijiang”debeihoushizhongyangqiyeyunxingzhiliangdegaishan、shichangjingzhenglidezengqiang。

qihang“shisiwu”,youhuaguoyouzibenbujujiegou,shiguangenghaofuwuguojiazhanlvemubiao,shiguangenghaoshiyinggaozhiliangfazhanhegoujianxingejuyaoqiu。

“xiayibu,yingyatiyujiangjujiaozhanlveanquan、chanyeyinling、guojiminsheng、gonggongfuwudenggongneng,zhichizhongyangqiyeanzhaoshichanghuayuanze,caiquzhongzuzhenghedengduozhongtujing,jiakuaiguoyouzibendebujuyouhuahejiegoudiaozheng。”yingyatiyumishuchang、xinwenfayanrenpenghuagangbiaoshi。

weiraozhongdianfangxiangfali,yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanjiangtuidongguoyouzibenxiangguanxiguojiaanquanheguominjingjimingmodezhongyaoxingyelingyujizhong,guofangjungong、nengyuanziyuanliangshigongying、guganwangluo、xinxingjichusheshidenglingyutourujiada;buqichanyeliangongyinglianduanban,tishenggongyinglianbaozhangnenglihechanyetixikangchongjinengli;tuidongchuangxinziyuandezhenghexietong,jiakuaitupoyipixingyegongxingjishuheguanjianhexinjishu;qieshijiejuebufenyangqizhijiandechanpinxiangsi、ziyuanfensan、zhongfujianshedengwenti,xingchengziyuanheli。

duolubingjin,xietongfali。“shisiwu”,guoyouzibenbujujiegouyouhuamaichuxinbufa。

鍛造科技自立自強國家隊

——14citiji“kejichuangxin”beihou,shifangchudeshizhongyangqiyeluoshijianxingkejichuangxin“touhaorenwu”dejuexinhexinxin。

qiyeshichuangxinzhuti,zhongyangqiyeshikejichuangxindeguojiadui。xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,guoyouqiyetebieshizhongyangsuoshuguoyouqiye,yidingyaojiaqiangzizhuchuangxinnengli,yanfahezhangwogengduodeguozhizhongqi。

laojixijinpingzongshujizhutuo,zhongyangqiyechuangxinqiangguobufacongweitingxie:

zairenhangtian、shenhaitance、beidoudaohang、guochanhangmu、hediandenglingyuyipishijiejikejichengguoyongxian,zengqianglewoguozongheshili。5nianlai,kejichuangxinshuoguoleilei。

長三乙成功發射北斗三號GEO-2衛星

“shisanwu”shiqileijiyanfajingfeitouruchaoguo3.4wanyiyuan,zhanquanguodesifenzhiyi,zhongyangqiyeguoneiwaiyanfajigoushuliangdadao4360ge,qizhongguojiazhongdianshiyanshi91ge,dazaoleyipigaoshuipingkejipingtai。5nianlai,qiyechuangxinnenglibuduantigao。

zhongyangqiyecongshiyanfarenyuandadaojinbaiwanren,liangyuanyuanshi229ren,gongchengyuanyuanshizhanquanguode1/5,jijuleyipigaocengcichuangxinrencai。5nianlai,weilaichuangxinhoujingbuduanjiyu。

“keyishuo,‘shisanwu’qijianzhongyangqiyedekejichuangxinnengliheshuipingdoudedaoleshizhixingtisheng。”huigufazhanlicheng,haopengbiaoshi。

chengjiuzairulishi,qianjingcuirenfenjin。zhanwang“shisiwu”,xinfazhangejuzuibenzhidetezhengshigaoshuipingdeziliziqiang。mianduiwoguochanyelianbufenguanjianhuanjie“duanlian”,guanjianhexinjishu“kabozi”dengduanbanwenti,yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhantichuyaobakejichuangxinzuowei“touhaorenwu”,jizhongziyuan、jizhongliliang,bazhongyangqiyejianjuedazaochengweiguojiazhanlvekejililiang。

paibingbuzhen,quanliyingzhan。weijianxingluoshi“touhaorenwu”,zhongyangqiyekejichuangxingonglvegouleerchu:

yaonulidazaokejigongguanzhongdi,zujianchuangxinlianheti,jizhongzuiyouxiuderencai、zuiyouzhideziyuanjinxinglianhegongguan,zhengqujiejueyipi“kabozi”deguanjianhexinjishu。

yaonulidazaoyuanchuangjishuceyuandi,jiakuaibujuyipijichuyingyongjishu,tupoyipiqianyanjishu,duanzaoyipichangbanjishu,buduanzengqiangxingyedegongxingjishugonggei。

yaonulidazaokejirencaigaodi,peiyangjixujinquedekejilingjunrencaihegaoshuipingchuangxintuandui,jianchiteshurencaiteshujili,geiyugengdarongcuokongjian,bangzhujiechuhouguzhiyou。

yaonulidazaokejichuangxin“tequ”,duiqiyeyanfatouruzaijingyingyejikaohezhongquanbushitonglirunjiahui,shenhua“kegaishifanxingdong”,jianggengduoguoyouzibenjingyingyusuanyongyuzhichiguanjianhexinjishugongguan,yingzaolianghaodechuangxinhuanjing。

zhengchengwanlifengzhengjing,zhongrenqianjunzaifenti。zuoweiguojiazhanlvekejililiangdechuangxinguojiadui,bijiangweishixiankejiziliziqiangtigongyuanyuanbujiedepengpaidongli。

中央企業國際化經營更穩更實更好

——weishenme12citiji“yidaiyilu”?

yinwei,shengeng“yidaiyilu”yijingchengweitishengyangqiguojihuajingyingnenglidedaimingci。

shijieyiliuqiye,shimeiyigeqiyedezhuiqiuyurongyao。xijinpingzongshujizaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhongtichu“peiyujuyouquanqiujingzhenglideshijieyiliuqiye”,mingquelexinshidaiguoyouqiyegaigefazhandemubiaofangxiang,bohualewoguoriyizoujinshijiewutaizhongyangdejingjizhanlvezhicheng。

yigaozhiliangdeguojihuajingyingshuipingyinlingshijieyiliuqiyezhengcheng,zhongyangqiyejiaochuleyifenzenyangdedajuan?

yizushujujiexiaodaan: muqian,zhongyangqiyehaiwaizichanyue8wanyiyuanrenminbi,zaiquanqiu180duogeguojiahediquyongyoudejigouhexiangmuchaoguo8000ge,haiwaiyuangongdadao125wan。“shisanwu”qijian,zhongyangqiyeshixiandehaiwaiyingyeshouruchaoguo24wanyiyuan,lirunzongejiejin6000yiyuan,duiwaitouzishouyilvdadao6.7%。

zhongyangqiyejin70wanyidezichan,yichaoshifenzhiyibujuzaihaiwai。laizhibuyidefazhanchengji,zhangxianleguojishichangdeqiangdayinli,yerangzhongyangqiyeshendurongruquanqiukaifangdehongliu。

muguangjujiao“yidaiyilu”: xiongsaitielu、mengneitielu、baximeilishantegaoyashudianxiangmu……jinnianlai,zhongyangqiyecanyujianshe“yidaiyilu”yanxianxiangmuchaoguo3400ge,youlidaidonglewoguozhuangbei、fuwu、jishubiaozhun“zouchuqu”,zhongyangqiyeguojihuajingyingnengliheshuipingmingxiantisheng。

中央企業參與建設的中歐班列成為貫通亞歐大陸的“鋼鐵駝隊”。

“shisiwu”shiqi,yigenggaoshuipingkaifanggoujianxinfazhangeju,weiyangqiguojihuajingyingtichulexindemingtihefazhanqiji。

“weilai,womenjiangzhuyanyugoujianyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju,jiandingbuyijiadakaifanghezuolidu,nulituidongzhongyangqiyezaiguojihuadaolushangzoudegengwen、gengshi、genghao。”haopengbiaoshi。

——gengwen,jiushiyaochangtonghezuoqudao,rangzhongyangqiyezaiguojihuafazhandaolushangnenggouxingwenzhiyuan。yaojianchiziyuan、pingdeng、hulideyuanze,jijiyugeguoqiyekuodahezuo,fangfanhuajiejingwaixiangmudegeleifengxian,tongchouzuohaoyiqingfangkongheshengchanjingying。

——gengshi,jiushiyaozengqianghezuogongneng,jianchishichanghuadeyuanzetuijinwushihezuo。yaobawohaowoguoqianshuquyuquanmianjingjihuobanguanxixieding、zhongoutouzixiedingdachengdengjiyu,chuangxintouzihezuofazhandemoshi,zaijichusheshi、chanye、jingmao、kejichuangxin、gonggongweishengdengfangmianjinyibushenhuahezuo。

——genghao,jiushilizhenggenghaochengxiao,buduanqudeshuangyingduoyingdehezuochengguo。yaojijijiansheyipizonghexiaoyihao、daidongzuoyongqiangdezhongdaxiangmuhechanyeyuanqu,shishigengduodeminshenggongcheng,zhuli“yidaiyilu”dazaochengweihezuozhilu、jiankangzhilu、fusuzhilu、zengchangzhilu。

招商局集團和國機集團建設運營的中白工業園,有力深化了同沿線國家和地區的產業合作。

weiqijiannan,caigengxianyongyi;weiqiduxing,caimizuzhengui。zaigenggaoshuizhundeguojihuadaolushangfenliqianjin,yangqijiangweigoujianxinfazhangejuzhuruqiangjingdongli。(《guozibaogao》jizhe wangqianqian)

【zerenbianji: zhaoyihan】

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