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新華社: 歷史交匯點上的中國信號——2021年兩會前瞻

wenzhanglaiyuan: xinhuashe  fabushijian: 2021-03-02

xinhuashebeijing3yue2ridian 2021nianquanguolianghuijijiangkaimu。

jinnianshizhongguogongchandangjiandang100zhounian,yeshi“shisiwu”guihuakaijuzhinian,woguojiangkaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengcheng、xiangdiergebainianfendoumubiaojinjun。chuyuzhongyaolishijiaohuidianshangdezhongguo,jiangruhebohuaxinjieduandefazhanfangxiangyulujing?lianghuishangzhuduokandianzhideqidai。

看點一: 綱要(草案)如何體現新理念、新格局?

jinnianlianghuideyixiangzhongyaoneirong,shishencha、taolun“shisiwu”guihuaheerlingsanwunianyuanjingmubiaogangyao(caoan)。gangyaoshizhidaojinhou5nianji15nianguominjingjiheshehuifazhandeganglingxingwenjian。

qunian10yue,dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhuishenyitongguo《zhonggongzhongyangguanyuzhidingguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisigewunianguihuaheerlingsanwunianyuanjingmubiaodejianyi》。genjuzhege“jianyi”bianzhidegangyao(caoan),jiangshifangnaxiefazhanxinxinhao,beishougefangqidai。

zhongyangdangxiao(guojiaxingzhengxueyuan)jiaoshouxinmingrenwei,ciqiande“jianyi”dui“shisiwu”shiqijiweilai15niandeguojiafazhanzuochulexitongbushu,“jianyi”mingquedemubiao、fangxiang、yuanzedengjiangzaigangyao(caoan)zhongdeyijutitixian,bingjuyoukecaozuoxing。

biru,“jianyi”tichu,jinhou5nianjingjishehuifazhanyaonulishixian6dazhuyaomubiao: jingjifazhanqudexinchengxiao、gaigekaifangmaichuxinbufa、shehuiwenmingchengdudedaoxintigao、shengtaiwenmingjiansheshixianxinjinbu、minshengfuzhidadaoxinshuiping、guojiazhilixiaonengdedaoxintisheng,“xin”shitonglingxingguanjianci,tixianlexinfazhanjieduandekeguanyaoqiu。gangyao(caoan)jiangtichunaxiefuyouquanjuxing、zhenduixingdejucuo,tuchuxinfazhanliniandeyinlingzuoyong,gewaishouguanzhu。

xinmingrenwei,jingjigaozhiliangfazhan、guoneiguojishuangxunhuan、kejichuangxin、xiangcunzhenxing、shengtaihuanbaodengyitijiangyinfareyi,yexuyaodaibiaoweiyuanjianyanxiance。

gangyao(caoan)zhongdeyixielianghuazhibiao、guanjianshuziyejiangshoudaoreyi。qizhong,jingjishehuilingyuyuqixingzhibiao、yueshuxingzhibiao,rujingjifazhanmubiao、chengzhenxinzengjiuyerenshuyijigengdibaoyouliang、kongqizhiliangdengjiangruhezhiding,lingrenqidai。

ciwai,zhongdagongchengxiangmulilaishishishiwunianguihuadeyoulizhuashou。“shisanwu”guihuagangyaocengmingque165gezhongdagongchengxiangmu,“shisiwu”guihuadezhongdiangongchengjiangyounaxie、tixianlezenyangdechanyedaoxiang,jiangyinfagefangguanzhu。

看點二: 開局之年的經濟社會發展目標怎么定?

2021niandezhongguofazhan,tiaozhanyujiyubingcun,tebieshiyiqingheguojihuanjingyirancunzaizhuduobuquedingxing。

guowuyuanfazhanyanjiuzhongxinhongguanjingjiyanjiubuyanjiuyuanzhangliqunrenwei,muqian,yiqingfangkongxingshihaozhuan、jingjihuifutaishilianghao。yixiezhongdagaigeyejiangpinpinfali,chuangzaochuxinbianju、xinkongjian。zai“shisiwu”kaijuzhinian,zhongguojingjiyouqianli、yourenxingbaochiyidingzengchangsudu。tongshi,tayebiaoshi,hexinmudebushiweilezhuiqiushuzihaokan,ershiqiangdiaojingjizhiliangdetishengyubaixingfuzhidebaozhang。

jinnianhongguanjingjizhengcedequxiang,yeshigefangguanzhudezhongdian。

zai“wen”zheyimian,quniandidezhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyiqiangdiao,2021nianhongguanzhengceyaobaochilianxuxing、wendingxing、kechixuxing。zhengcecaozuoshangyaogengjiajingzhunyouxiao,bujizhuanwan,bawohaozhengceshiduxiao。ruhehangshijichutuidongjingjichixuhuifu?qunianchutaideyixiliezhichicuoshishifouyanxu?zhexiewentidouyoudaidaibiaoweiyuanjianyanxiance。

zai“jin”zheyimian,zhangliqunshuo,zaigoujianxinfazhangeju、shenhuagonggeicejiegouxinggaige、tishengchanyeliangongyinglianshuipingdengzhuduofangmian,qidaijinnianlianghuituichugengduogaigejucuo。

看點三: “三農”工作重心如何實現轉移?

2yue25ri,guojiaxiangcunzhenxingjuguapai。tuopingongjiandequanmianshenglibushizhongdian,ershinongcun、nongyexiandaihuadexinqidian。“sannong”gongzuozhongxincongtuopingongjianxiangquanmiantuijinxiangcunzhenxinglishixingzhuanyi。

ruhegongguhetuozhantuopingongjianchengguo?ruhetuijinxiangcunzhenxing?daibiaoweiyuanyounaxiehaodeyijianjianyi?zhexiewentichengweipojuredudeguanzhuhuati。

quniandizhaokaidezhongyangnongcungongzuohuiyitichu,duituopinxiansheli5nianguoduqi,baochizhuyaobangfuzhengcezongtiwending,zhubushixianyoujizhongziyuanzhichituopingongjianxiangquanmiantuijinxiangcunzhenxingpingwenguodu。

zhongguorenmindaxuezhongguofupinyanjiuyuanyuanchangwangsanguirenwei,xiangcunzhenxingwulunfanwei、guimohuanshimubiao、biaozhun,qishendu、guangdu、nandudoubuyayutuopingongjian,xuyaohuijugengqiangdaliliang、caiqugengyoulijucuotuijin。

taqidaijinnianlianghuichutaigengduo、gengjutidexiangcunzhenxingzhichizhengce,hujizhidudenglingyugaigejinyibutupo,chengxiangyitihuafazhandetizhijizhigengjiawanshan,tuidongnongyenongcunxiandaihuamaihao“shisiwu”diyibu。

看點四: 疫情防控下一步怎么干?

ruqijubanquanguolianghui,youlishuominglezhongguoyiqingfangkongdechengxiao。ruhejinyibuzuohaoyiqingchangtaihuafangkong,gonggutuozhanyiqingfangkonghejingjishehuifazhanchengguo,shishehuiguanzhudejiaodian。

fudandaxuefushuhuashanyiyuanganrankezhurenzhangwenhongshuo,woguoyixingchengyitaoxingzhiyouxiaodexitongxingkangyifangan,zhiyaoyangeluoshixiangguanfangkongcuoshi,changtaihuafangkongzhongzuodao“zaoqiyujing、kuaisuxiangying、jingzhunfangkong、dongtaiqingling”,xiangxinjinniansuinanyibimianjubulingxingbinglidefasheng,danzongtishangnengbimianyiqingdedafufandan。

muqian,woguozhenganzhaoqufenqingzhonghuanji、wentuoyouxutuijindeyuanzekaizhanyimiaojiezhong。lianghuishang,yimiaodeanquan、youxiaoshengchanyijigaoxiaolv、mianfeijiezhongdengwenti,jiangchixushoudaoreyi。zhangwenhongrenwei,yimiaojiezhongwenbuhejiasutuijinshixiayijieduandegongzuozhongdian。dangquanminyimiaojiezhongfugaiwancheng,minzhongjiangzhenzhengyinglaichangtaihuashenghuo。

看點五: “民生清單”如何回應百姓訴求?

yuwangnianxiangbi,jinniandeminshenghuatijiangbujinjujiaodangxiaredian,yejiangqianzhanshidaibianhua,zhengceshiyejiangjiyou“texieduijiao”yeyou“guangjiaoyuanjing”。

“liuwen”“liubao”zhong,jiuyewentiweijushouwei,zhongdianrengranshigaoxiaobiyesheng、nongmingongdengquntijiuyehekunnanquntijiuyebaozhang。zhongguorenmindaxuegonggongguanlixueyuanjiaoshouxuguangjianrenwei,zai“shisiwu”shiqi,jiuyezhengceyinggengjiacezhongtishenglaodonglisuzhi,jianlilaodongzhezhongshenjinengpeixunzhidu。ciwai,hulianwangshidailinggongjingjiquntijizeng,laodongzhecong“gongsi+yuangong” zhuanxiang“pingtai+yuangong”moshihou,quanyibaozhangyejidaizhongshi,xuyaozaizhidushejicengmiangengshenruditantao。

dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhui“jianyi”li,“tigaorenminshourushuiping”zuoweidanduyijie,baizai“gaishanrenminshenghuopinzhi,tigaoshehuijiansheshuiping”zhishou。xuguangjianrenwei,zheyiweizhujinruxinfazhanjieduan,jianggengjiazhuzhonggongtongfuyuwenti,ruhetigaochengxiangjuminshourushuiping、suoxiaoshouruchaju,youwangchengweikaijuzhiniandeminshenggongzuozhongdian。

gongzhongduiyanglaowentideguanzhubuduanshengwen。jugusuan,yuji2025nianwoguo60suijiyishanglaonianrenkoutupo3yi,2033nianjiangtupo4yi。“jianyi”tichu“shishijijiyingduirenkoulaolinghuaguojiazhanlve”。lianghuijiangruhebushuyingduirenkoulaolinghua,shiguanmeigejiating,duijingjishehuichixufazhanjuyoushenyuanyiyi。

ciwai,ruhejiejuezhufangnanti、jiaqiangjichujiaoyu、shenhuayigai、jinyibuzhimishehuibaozhangwangdengminshengguanqie,yejiangshilianghuiredian。

看點六: 提交審議的兩部法律案會帶來哪些影響?

tiqingquanguorendaihuishenyidefalvanlilaishoudaogaoduguanzhu。2015nianyilai,quanguorendachangweihuiyilianxu6niantiqingquanguorendaihuishenyizhongyaofalv。jinnianjiangtiqingshisanjiequanguorendasicihuiyishenyide,shiquanguorendazuzhifaxiuzhengcaoanhequanguorendayishiguizexiuzhengcaoan。

quanguorendazuzhifabanbushixingyu1982nian,shuyurenmindaibiaodahuizhidudejichuxingfalv,fenbieguidinglequanguorenmindaibiaodahui、changwuweiyuanhui、geweiyuanhuihedaibiaodezhiquanzhizedeng,juyouhenqiangdezhengzhixing、yuanzexing、fangxiangxing。

quanguorendayishiguizebanbushixingyu1989nian,zhuyaoguidingdeshiquanguorendagongzuoheyishichengxu,birudahuishenmeshihoukai,yianzenmetichuheshenyi,zenyangshenyigongzuobaogao、shenchaguojiajihuaheyusuandeng。

liangbufalvshizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguanyifaxingshizhiquandezhongyaozhidubaozhang,shixing30duonianlaihuanmeiyoujinxingguoxiugai。zhuanjiabiaoshi,suizhurenmindaibiaodahuizhidudebuduanwanshanfazhan,tebieshidangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaoduzhongshi、quanmianjiaqiangdangduirendagongzuodelingdao,quanguorendajiqichangweihuizailifa、jiandu、daibiaodengfangmiandegongzuodouqudezhongyaojinzhan,xingchenglebushaoxinjingyanxinchengguo,xuyaozaifalvzhongyuyitixian。

看點七: 如何推進更高水平對外開放?

zaiguoquyinianjian,quyuquanmianjingjihuobanguanxixieding(rcep)chenggongqianshu,zhongoutouzixiedingtanpanruqiwancheng,zhongguotongfeizhoulianmengqianshugongjian“yidaiyilu”hezuoguihua,zhongguoxishouwaizidequanqiuzhanbidafutisheng……zhongguoxiangshijiebiaominglezhichijingjiquanqiuhua、shishiduiwaikaifangdejiandingjuexin。

zhongguoyijingjianggoujianyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangejuzuoweizhongdazhanlverenwu。“zhongguojingjiyijingshendurongrushijiejingji,jinruxinfazhanjieduandezhongguotongshijiejingjidelianxijianghuigengjiajinmi。”quanguozhengxieweiyuan、zhongguoxiandaiguojiguanxiyanjiuyuanqianyuanchangjizhiyeshuo。

dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhuiqiangdiao,jianchishishigengdafanwei、gengkuanlingyu、gengshencengciduiwaikaifang,yituowoguodashichangyoushi,cujinguojihezuo,shixianhuligongying。jizhiyerenwei,womenbixutishengzishennengli,zaigenggaoshuipingshangcanyuguojihezuo。“dangqianguojizibenzhisuoyikanhaozhongguoshichang,jiushiyinweiduizhongguodeyingshanghuanjinghejingjirenxingyouxinxin。zhongguoweilaiyingjinyibujizhongjinglibuqiduanban、duanzaochangban,wanshanzishendechanyelianhegongyinglian,tigaofazhanzhiliang,xiangshijieshifangchuchijiudexiyinli。”jizhiyeshuo。

【zerenbianji: zhaoyihan】

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