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國資報告: 區域性綜改試驗深化升級

wenzhanglaiyuan: 《guozibaogao》zazhi  fabushijian: 2021-04-09

guoqigaigechunchaoyongdong,libukaijicengchuangxindeyuantouhuoshui。shenrushishiquyuxingzonggaishiyanzhuanxianggongcheng,yizaidazaoyipiganchuangganshi、yongyuchuangxindegaigejianbing,jiqi“yichihuoshui”。

touguoshijiankanchengxiao,shanghailvxiantansuojianli“zhijiejianguan+weituojianguan+zhidaojiandu”guozijianguantizhi,shixianzhijiejianguanqiyezichan、yingshou、lirunzhanbijunchaoguo90%;shenzhenzhongdiankefujizhixinggengzu,datongchanquangaige、gongsizhili、xuanrenyongren、jiliyueshuguanjianhuanjie,chongfenjifashichanghuoli;shenyangchangbandajitigaige、guoqituixiurenyuanshehuihuaguanliquanmianwancheng,shixian“jiangshiqiye”jibenchuqing。shoupizonggaishiyanquxianxingxianshi,weiguoqigaigechuangchuxinlu。

啟動區域性綜改試驗以來,上海探索形成“直接監管+委托監管+指導監管”的分類監管方法。

jinrugongjianzhinian、guanjianzhinian,quyuxingzonggaishiyanjidaishengjikuowei。“guoqigaigesannianxingdongrenwuzhong、shijianjin,xuyaoruoganquyulvxianquanmiantupo,congerjiangchenggongjingyanzaiqitaquyuquanmianfuzhi,zhewuyiweiguoqigaigesannianxingdongluoshiluodichuangzaolelianghaotiaojian。”3yue30ri,guowuyuanguoyouqiyegaigelingdaoxiaozubangongshifuzhuren、yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanfuzhurenwengjiemingzaishenhuaquyuxingguoziguoqizonghegaigeshiyanmeititongqihuishangbiaoshi。

dangqian,shoupizonggaishiyanqudiejiahangzhou、wuhan、xian、qingdaodierpizongheshiyanqu,dongxinanbeizhongdegaigegejujibenxingcheng。xianxingshifan、ticituijin,quyuxingzonggaishiyanzaitongpingongzhenzhongshenhuashengji。

系統協同釋放綜合成效

guoqigaigejuyouxianmingdexitongxing、zhengtixinghexietongxing。buruguoqigaigegongjianqi,pojiezonghexingnantigengjiananyitongguodanxianggaigededaojiejue。yiwentiweidaoxiang,kaizhanquyuxingzonggaishiyanzhongzaituidonggaigexitongjicheng、xietonggaoxiao。

jinyibujifaqiyegaigehuolihedongli,yaochongfenfahuiguozitizhigaigewanshandeqianyinzuoyong。qidongquyuxingzonggaishiyanyilai,shanghaitansuoxingcheng“zhijiejianguan+weituojianguan+zhidaojianguan”defenleijianguanfangfa,zhijiejianguanqiyezichan、yingshou、lirunzhanbijunchaoguo90%;dajianjinrong、yunyinghetouzisangepingtaigongsi,chubuxingcheng“1+3+n”guozijianguanjiagou;diaozhengyouhuajianguanqiyegongnengfenlei,tongbukaizhanfenleigaige、fenleijianguan、fenleikaohe,tuidonggaigegengjiajingzhunhua。

fenleijishiweiletishengjianguanxiaoli,yeshiweileshenhuashouquanfangquan。gaigeguochengzhong,shenzhenshibaqiyefenchengchanyejituan、guoyouzibentouzigongsi、yunyinggongsiheshangshigongsisizhongleixing,yigudongshenfenxingquanlvzhi,xiudingguozijianguanquanzeqingdan,chutaishouquanfangquanqingdan,fuyuqiyegengdajingyingzizhuquan。

youhuaguoyouzibenbujujiegou、fuwuquyufazhanzhanlve,xuyaoduobumenxietongpeihe、yitihuatuijin。jujiaodongbeizhenxing,shenyangjiakuaituijinlishiyiliuwentijibenjiejue,shiyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanqiantou、duobumenxietong,jizhongbangong、tongyizhihui,tuijinchangbandajitigaige、guoqituixiurenyuanshehuihuaguanliquanmianwancheng,shixian“jiangshiqiye”jibenchuqing,chongfenfahuiguoqigaigedeshifanyinlingzuoyong。

“kaizhanquyuxingzonggaishiyan,yifangmian,youliyuchongfenfahuiguozitizhigaigewanshandeqianyinzuoyong,daidongquyufanweineiguoqigaige;lingyifangmian,youliyujiaqiangjichuguanjianlingyugaigedexietongliandong,ningjuzhengceheli。”wengjiemingbiaoshi。

zheshigaigedechenggongjingyan,yeshishenhuashengjidelujingfangxiang。weici,wengjiemingtichudierpizonggaishiyanquyaotuidongwanshanguozitizhiyuqiyegaigegaizhigenghaojiehe,jianchiguoziguoqigaigezongheshice;tuidongguoqigaigeyubenquyuquanmianshenhuagaigedeqitajucuogenghaojiehe,shixianjichuguanjianlingyugaigedexietongliandong;tuidongzonggaishiyanyuquyuziyuanyouhuapeizhigenghaojiehe,tongchousheng、shiliangjiguozijianguanjigouheguoyouqiyeyijizhudizhongyangqiye,qianghuayangdihezuofazhan。“sangegenghaojiehe”,yinlingzonggaishiyanquchengweifahuiquyuyoushituijingaigexitongjicheng、xietonggaoxiaodetansuozhe。

shenhuagaigezaichufa,hangzhouquyuzonggaishiyan“luxiantu”fangxiangmingque。zhejiangshengyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhandangweishuji、zhurenfengboshengbiaoshi,jianchiwentidaoxiang、jieguodaoxiang,jinkoutizhijizhizhongdiannandianwenti,liyongquyuneizhengce、ziyuandengyoushi,zaigaigezhongyaolingyuheguanjianhuanjielvxiantupo,zengqianggaigexitongxing、zhengtixing、xietongxing。fahuishengshiliandong、yaosujijuyoushi,jianli“shengweizhudao、shiweizaiti、shengshiliandong、xietongshenhua”jizhi,chongfenfahuishengshibutongziyuanbingfuheyoushi,dalituijinquyuneigejigeleiguoqihezuo。

創新引領謀劃特色深改

guoqigaigeyaogaobiaozhunwancheng“guidingdongzuo”,yeyaotansuochuangxinlinghuo、wushigaoxiaode“zixuandongzuo”。lizuzonggaidiquchengdandeguojiahequyufazhanzhanlve,gulibutongsuoshuguanxideguoyouqiyegongtongshiyongzonggaizhengce,zaigenggaoshiye、gengshencengci、gengkuanlingyutuijinguoyoujingjibujuyouhuahejiegoudiaozheng,zhengshizonggaishiyandedutechuangxinzhichu。

“xuanzeqigediqukaizhanquyuxingzonggaishiyan,chulejiyuzhexiequyuyoutiaojian、youjichu、youshiliyiwai,jiushiyoushiming。zaifuwuguojiazhanlvehequyufazhanzhanlvezhong,guoziguoqinenggoufahuiqinanyitidaidegongnengheyoushi,tongshiyekeyijiezhuquyufazhanzhanlvechengshiershang,shixiangaozhiliangfazhan。”wengjiemingbiaoshi。

conggaigeluojichufa,gulichabiehuachuangxin、fuyudifangheqiyegengdadegaigezizhuquan,chengweilezonggaishiyanzhishengfabao。

zuoweishoupizonggaishiyanquyu,shanghaidetesehuagaigeshijianzouzaiqianlie。jinnianlai,shanghaiweiraofuwushiyuzhongdafazhanzhanlvehechangsanjiaoyitihuajianshe,xinzengtouzijizhongzaizhanlvexingxinxingchanye、xianjinzhizaoye、xiandaifuwuye、jichusheshiheminshengbaozhangdenglingyu。

zaicijichushang,shanghaigoujianwanchengyiguoyoukongguhunhesuoyouzhiqiyeweizhuti,hunhesuoyouzhiqiyezhongyishangshigongsiweizhuti,shangshigongsizhongyizhengtishangshihuohexinyewuzichanshangshideqiyeweizhutide“sancengzhuti”geju,chongfenliyongziyingyatiyuchang,shixianzibenpeizhigejuyouhua、zibenpeizhixiaolvtisheng。

shenzhenweiraoyuegangaodawanqu、xianxingshifanqujianshe,lizuchengshiguozifuwugongneng,yijichusheshigongyongshiyeweizhuti、yijinrongjizhanlvexingxinxingchanyeweiliangyide“yitiliangyi”deguoyouzibengejujibenxingcheng。jijituixing“shangshigongsi+”zhanlve,dazaoquanliantiaoguozijijinqun,goujianguozizhuanyeyunzuotixi,tuijinguozishichanghuapeizhi。

lizuxinfazhanjieduan、guanchexinfazhanlinian、goujianxinfazhangeju,guoyoujingjizaiyouhuajiegou、changtongxunhuan、wendingzengchangzhongdezuoyonggengjiatuxian。xinqidianshangtuidongzonggaishiyanshengjikuowei,jingzhunjujiaotesedingweijiweiguanjian。

jinjinweiraoquyutesemouxinpian,dierpizonggaishiyanqu“gaigehuaxiang”gouleerchu:

zhejianghangzhouweiraoguoyouqiyeheminyingqiyegongtongfazhan,liyong“shuzijingji”xianfayoushi,tuidongsheng、shiguozibujudiaozhengyouhua,wanshanxinxihuajianguantixi,genghaorongruchangsanjiaoyitihuafazhanhechangjiangjingjidaijianshe;

hubeiwuhanzhulishenhuayangdihezuo、zengqiangkejichuangxinliliang,fahuiguoziguoqizaizhuliwuhanjiansheguojiazhongxinchengshi、yihoujingjishehuihuifufazhanzhongdezhulijunzuoyong;

shanxixiantansuowanshanyang、sheng、shiduofangguoziguoqihezuotixi,tishengguoyouqiyechanyeliangongyinglianjichu,tuidongxibudakaifaxingchengxinfazhangeju;

qingdaozhiliyudazaoyiguoyouqiyejiaduiwujiansheweihexindeshiyanmoshi,tongguojifaqiyejiaganshichuangyedeneishengdongli,gaohuoguoyouqiye,fuwuchengshijianshefazhan。

陜西西安探索完善央、省、市多方國資國企合作體系,提升國有企業產業鏈供應鏈基礎。圖為陜西法士特汽車傳動集團生產線。

butongquyu,tesebuyi。yichabiehuachuangxintuidonggaigechixushenhua,wengjiemingbiaoshi,zonggaishiyanquyaochengweitansuoquyuteseguoziguoqigaigefazhanlujingdeyinlingzhe,zhuzhongfahuigaigedezhuguannengdongxing,liyonghaodutederencai、ziyuan、zhengceyoushi,genghaofuwuquyufazhan。

先行先試勇闖改革新路

xianxing,cainengxianjin;xianshi,cainengzhudong。tuidongguoqigaigegongjianpobing,libukaixianxingxianshizhedepolihedandang。kaizhanquyuxingzonggaishiyan,jiushiyaoxuanzeguoyoujingjijichujiaohao、gaigeyiyuanqianglie、gaigechuangxinfenweinonghoudediqu,zaixianxinggaigeshangzuoshifan,weiquanguogaigetansuojingyan。

kenyinggu、shexiantan,shoupizonggaishiyanqujiaochuleyifenchendiandiandegaigedajuan。

jinglicengchengyuanrenqizhiheqiyuehuaguanlishijianquanqiyeshichanghuajingyingjizhideguanjianhuanjie。yiciweitupokou,shanghaizaishiguanguoyouqiyerenqizhiqiyuehuaguanliquanfugaidejichushang,anzhao“chengshuyijiatuijinyijia”yuanze,zai17jiaqiyejituankaizhanzhiyejinglirengaigeshidian,shixianjinrongfuwuleiquanmiantuijin、shichangjingzhengleiyoutiaojianfugai、gongnengbaozhangleiyugaigepeitaodegongzuomubiao。

gaigeshijianzhong,shenzhenxuanrenyongrentuchu“duoyuanfuhe”,leijikaizhan10jiazhiguanqiyehe123jiaer、sanjiqiyejingyingbanzichengyuanshichanghuaxuanpinheqiyuehuaguanli。2020nianmianxiangquanqiushichanghuaxuanpin8jiazhiguanqiye17minggaojiguanlirenyuan,shoucixuanpinwaijirenshidanrenzhiguanqiyezongjingli。

jiliyuyueshubingju,fangnengchongfenjifaqiyedonglihechuangxinhuoli。liangnianshijianli,shanghaituijin10jiashangshigongsishishiguquanjili,3jiafeishangshigongsishishishanghaidifang《zhangjiangbanfa》jilicuoshi;shenzhenzaijiliyueshujizhigaigezhongtuchu“kaohegangxing”,qianghua“yejishengxinchousheng、yejijiangxinchoujiang”daoxiang,xitongtuichuyejikaohe、xinchoufenpei、changxiaojilixiliegaigejucuo,tongyiqiyetongzhijixinchouchayigaoda50%,dui25mingjinglicengchengyuanshixinggangxingtuichu。

gongjiankenan、zhongdiantupo,xianxingzhedetansuoshijianweigaigeshenhuajileileyouyijingyan。guoqigaigesannianxingdongzhong,zonggaishiyanqutongyangshixianxingzhe、xianqianjun,gaigegongjian、shifanyinluweizonggaishiyanshenhuashengjitichumingquefangxiang。

narudierpizonggaishiyanquhou,qingdaobeifuyuletansuoguoyouqiyejiaduiwujianshedegaigezhongren。zhefanggaigeretushangcengpeiyuchuhaier、haixin、qingpi、aokema、shuangxingdengyipiguoyou(jiti)pinpaiqiye,yongxianchuzhangruimin、zhouhoujiandengyipiyouxiuqiyejia。jiexugaigeshuxiexinpian,qingdaoyigaohuoguoyouqiye、gaohuoguoyouqiyejiaweishimingdandang,zhanzailetansuochuangxindezhanxinqidian。

qingdaoshiyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhandangweishuji、zhurenmaweigangbiaoshi,qingdaoshikaizhanzonggaishiyandezhuxianshizaitizhijizhicengmianchuangxinluoshi“duidangzhongcheng、yongyuchuangxin、zhiqiyoufang、xingqiyouwei、qingzhenglianjie”20ziyaoqiu,tansuo“jianchizhengzhibiaozhun、yifaguifanzhili、peiyuqiyejiajingshen、luoshiwuzhiliyiyuanze、wanshantizhijizhibaozhang”dujudifangtesedeguoyouqiyejiaduiwu“wuweiyitihua”jianshemoshi,quanmianjifaqiyejiaganshichuangyedeneishengdongli,yirenweihexinyaosuqudongguoyouqiyejiasuchengweizhenzhengdeshichangjingzhengzhuti,shixianzuoqiangzuoyouzuodaguoyouzibenheguoyouqiyedegaigefazhanmubiao。

納入第二批綜改試驗區后,青島被賦予探索國有企業家隊伍建設的改革重任。

weiraohunhesuoyouzhigaigezhuxian,zhejianghangzhoujinyibumingquefahuiquyushichangjingjifada、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjironghefazhanyijishuzijingjixianfayoushi,zhuazhuguoqigaige“shuangbai”jijin、guotongjijinluohuhangzhoudeqiji,zhongdianshenhuahunhesuoyouzhigaige,tuijinguoziguoqishuzihuagaige,xingchengkefuzhikejiejiandezhejiangjingyan。

“ruguojiangguoqigaigesannianxingdongbizuozhengtishigongtu,quyuxingzonggaijiushizhongdianbankuaidexianxingshifangongcheng。”wengjiemingbiaoshi。yiquyuzonggaixianxinggaigezuoshifan,guoqigaigesannianxingdongbijiangzaitansuochuangxinzhongzouxiangzongshen。(《guozibaogao》jizhe wangqianqian)

【zerenbianji: zhaoyihan】

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