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中央企業踐行“三個轉變”要求
打造中國智造高質量發展新示范

wenzhanglaiyuan: xinwenzhongxin  fabushijian: 2021-05-10

zhizaoyeshiliguozhiben、qiangguozhiji。2014nian5yue10ri,xijinpingzongshujizaishichazhongtiezhuangbeishizhichu,tuidongzhongguozhizaoxiangzhongguochuangzaozhuanbian、zhongguosuduxiangzhongguozhiliangzhuanbian、zhongguochanpinxiangzhongguopinpaizhuanbian”,weiwoguozhizaoyegaozhiliangfazhanzhimingleqianjinfangxiang,tigonglegenbenzunxun。

2021nian4yue26ri,xijinpingzongshujizaishichaliugongjituanshiqiangdiao,gaozhiliangfazhan,chuangxinhenzhongyao,zhiyouchuangxincainengziqiang、cainengzhengxian,zaizizhuchuangxindedaolushangyaojiandingbuyi、zaijiezaili、gengshangcenglou。

2014nianyilai,yingyatiyuhezhongyangqiyelaojizongshujizhutuo,buduanjiadayanfatouru,jianquanchuangxinjizhi,dazaoleyipizhizaoyegaozhiliangfazhandebiaoganshifanxiangmu,weizhongguozhizaoshixian“sangezhuanbian”gongxianlejijililiang。

2021nian5yue10ri,zhongguozhizaopinpailuntanjizhongyangqiyegaoduanzhuangbeizhizaochuangxinchengjiuzhanjuxing。yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanfuzhurenwengjiemingzaizhicizhongbiaoshi,qinianlaitebieshi“shisanwu”shiqi,yidapi“zhongguozhizao”hengkongchushi,zhuduo“yinghe”zhuangbei、guojiamingpianlingxianshijie,tuidonglezhongguofazhan,zaofulerenleishehui,zhangxianle“sangezhuanbian”deqiangdasixiangweili。

加大研發投入 發力智能制造

zhiyoubuduantishengchuangxinnengli,cainengtuidongzhongguozhizaoxiangzhongguochuangzaozhuanbian。ertidaochuangxin,yangqidezuoyongburonghushi。2018nian,kejibuhuitongyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanzhidingde《guanyujinyibutuijinzhongyangqiyechuangxinfazhandeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》)zhichu,jiaqiangkejifazhanguihuahechuangxinzhengceyinling,zhichichuangxinyaosuxiangzhongyangqiyejiju,buduanzengqiangkejichuangxinnengli。

jinnianlai,zaiyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhandechangdaohetuidongxia,yangqibuduanzengjiayanfatouru,“shisanwu”shiqileijitouru3.4wanyi,zhanquanguode1/4。zhidezhuyideshi,zai2020nianjingyingjiannandeqingkuangxia,yangqideyanfatoururengranbaochile11.3%dezengsu。muqianyangqideguoneiwaiyanfajigoushuliangdadao4360ge,guojiazhongdianshiyanshi91ge。

tongguodazaogaoshuipingkejipingtai,yangqidadatishengleqiyedechuangxinnengli。zhongtiezhuangbeidedungoujixiangyuhaiwai,zaizhebeihou,shizhongtiezhuangbeigaoduzhongshiyikejichuangxinweihexindequanmianchuangxin,dajianleshejiyanjiuzongyuan、dixiakongjianshejiyanjiuyuan、zhinenggongchengyanjiuyuansanweiyitidekejigongzuotixi。jinnianlai,zhongtiezhuangbeijinjinyituoguojia“863”jihua“973”jihuaxiangmu,tuidongjichulilunheqianyanlilunyanjiu。

2019nian,zhongchuangongyehezhongchuanzhonggonglianhezhongzu,chenglizhongguochuanbo。zhongguochuanbochenglihou,youhuakeyanshengchantixihenenglibuju,zhengheyuanliangdazaochuanjituankeyanyushengchan、zongzhuangyupeitaodengfangmianziyuan,shixianlejunminpinsheji、zhizao、peitao、guanliyitihua,chubugoujianlejichukeyan+jishugongguan+shiyanyanzheng+zongzhuangzhize+guanjianpeitao+fuwubaozhangdechanyetixi。

dangqian,kejigemingfangxingweiai,chanyebiangelangchaofengqiyunyong。“shisanwu”shiqi,yangqishunyingqushi,zhudongqiubian,jijitansuozhinengzhizaoheshuzihuazhuanxingxinlujing。

shuzihuaranggangtiezheyangdezhonggongyebiandegengjialinghuoheminjie。zhongguobaowujianchizhihuizhizaohezhihuifuwushuanglunqudong,goujianleyidashujuweihexindegangtiegongyehulianwang,jianchengleguigangzhihuigongchangdengyipizhihuizhizaodedianxinganli,qizhongbaoganggufenbaoshanjidiruxuanshijiejingjiluntan“quanqiudengtawangluo”。

zhongguotongyongjishujituanrenshidao,shuzihuazhuanxingshitishengqiyehexinjingzhenglidebiyoutujing,shigaizaotishengchuantongchanye、peiyufazhanxindongnengdezhongyaoshouduan。jinnianlai,zhongguotongyongjishujituanlizuchanyejichu,zhongdiantuijingaoduanshukongjichuangyewushuzihuajianshe,fuhuaxinyetai,peiyufazhanxindongneng,yingyongshuzihuajishudazaoquanxindekehukaifahefuwunengli、zuzhinengli、jishunengli,quanmiantishenglejingyingguanlixiaolvheshuiping。

zhongguohangfajujiaohangkongfadongjiyanzhizhuliucheng,yishuzihuazhuanxingweizhuashou,yizhinengzhizaoweizhugongfangxiang,jiasugoujianquanyushuzihuafunenghuanjing,tuidongxingcheng“xiaohexin、daxiezuo、zhuanyehua、kaifangxing“dehangkongfadongjichanyeshengtaitixi。zhongguohangkongfadongjijituanyouxiangongsifuzongjingli、zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshixiangqiaobiaoshi,zhinengzhizaoshijianqianqiqianmian,danjishuchubeiguanlimoshiheshuzihuajishuqueyibuke,bixuyaojiandingqiyefazhanzhanlve,duibiao“yuanchuangjishudeceyuandi、xiandaichanyeliandelianchang”,tongyimouhua、jiagouyinling、xunxujianjin、jiujiuweigong,tuidongqiyeshixiangaozhiliangfazhan。

muqian,yiyouyipiyangqidezhinenghuachanpinwenshihuotourushiyong,chongfenzhanshileyangqidechuangxinnenglihezhinenghuashuiping。

biru,yongyugangkoudezhinenghuazhuangxiexitong。zhongjiaojituansuoshuzhenhuazhonggongyanzhidezhinenghuajizhuangxiangchengtaozhuangxiexitong,zhuyaobaokuozhinenghuaanqiaoxitong、zhinenghuashuipingyunshuxitong、zhinenghuaduichangxitong、shebeidiaokongxitong、zuoyejihuaxitong、yuanchengjiankongxitongliudazixitong,juyouzizhuzhishichanquanhezhuanlijishu,chuyuguojilingxiandiwei。

zairu,shiyingxinggengqiangdezhinengxingdedongchezu。zhongchechangkegufengongsiyanzhideshisu350gonglidefuxinghaojingzhangzhinengxingdongchezu,beichengweizhongguogaotiezhinengxingdongchezu1.0ban。liecheshiyingjingzhangdiqugaohan、shanqu、qiaosuiduodengqihouhuanjing,bingqiejuyouzhinenghua、anquanshushi、jienenghuanbaodengtedian,tongshihuanshiliangshendingzhide“aoyunzhuanlie”,chongfenzhanxianlewoguogaotiejishudexianjinxinghechengshuxing,yinlinglegaosuliechejishufazhanfangxiang。

chengzhushuzihuazhuanxingdedongfeng,zhongyangqiyezhuazhushuzijishubiangejiyu,zhongdachuangxinchengguojingxiangyongxian,dazaolezhizaoyegaozhiliangfazhande“lanhaiquxian”。

開展協同創新 推動機制變革

chuangxinbushiyangqidedandadudou。《yijian》zhichu,zhichizhongyangqiyeshelihuolianhezujianyanjiuyuansuo、shiyanshi、xinxingyanfajigou、jishuchuangxinlianmengdenggeleiyanfajigouhezuzhi,jiaqiangkualingyuchuangxinhezuo,dazaochanyejishuxietongchuangxinpingtai。

“shisanwu”shiqi,zaixietongchuangxinfangmian,yangqiqudelexindejinzhanhetupo。zhongjiaojituanjiaqiangchanxueyanhezuo,jijicanyuzhongyangqiyejianhezuojichanyelianshangxiayouqiyejianhezuo,yuguoneiduosuogaoxiaohekeyanyuansuoqianshulejishuchuangxinzhanlvehezuoxieyi,zaiduoxiangkeyanxiangmuyanjiu、zhongdagongchengguanjianjishuyanjiu、yingyongjichuxiangmuyanjiudengfangmiankaizhanlelianhegongguanyuhezuoyanjiu。

angangjituanshizhongjianchikaifangchuangxinyuzizhuchuangxinbingzhongdelinian,buduanjiaqiangyugaoxiaoyuansuohezuo。jinnianlai,angangjituanyubeijingkejidaxue、zhongguogangyankejijituan、shanghaidaxue、haerbingongyedaxue、dongbeidaxueheliaoningkejidaxueqiandingzhanlvehezuoxieyi,chengliangang-dongdaxianjincailiaoyanjiuyuanhepangang-beikedafantaiyanjiuyuan,weiraoguanjianlingyuyixiangmuweizaitikaizhanzhongchangqihezuo,bingyugaoxiaoyuansuojixiayoukehuzujian25gelianheshiyanshi。

2020nian,angangjituanhuanzuzhichenglile“angangjituankejichuangxinyufazhanzhanlvezixunweiyuanhui”he“angangjituanzhanlvekehuzixunweiyuanhui”,jiezhi2020niandi,yiyujin30weizhuanjiakaizhanlekejiguihuazixun、guojiajikeyanxiangmushenbao、jituanjikeyanxiangmupingshen、jishujiaoliuyijixiangmuhezuodenghuodong。

2014nianyilai,yangqizaikaizhan“sangezhuanbian”guochengzhong,shifengxinyilunguoqigaigebuduanxiangzongshentuijin。yangqijianchikejichuangxinyutizhijizhichuangxinshuanglunqudong,tongguotizhijizhichuangxin,tupopingjingzhangai,tigaoziyuanpeizhixiaolv,jifachuangxinyaosuhuoli。

zhongguobaowujiaqiangtizhijizhichuangxin,yingzaokejichuangxindelianghaohuanjing,xianhoutuichudaxiangmujinglizhi、“jinpinguo”hechaoelirunfenxiangdengduoyanghuajilijizhi。weijiakuaikejichuangxinchengguodezhuanhua,zhongguobaowuduikejixingqiyegangweifenhong、hunhesuoyouzhiqiyeyuangongchigu、xiangmugentoudengjilifangshikaizhanletansuo,nulishixianzhongchangqijilijizhidetixihua、xitonghua。

pangang-beikedafantaiyanjiuyuanbenzhu“lianxutouru、zhuanzhuyanjiu、chengguogongxiang、xiaoyifenxiang”yuanze,nulizuodao“sigedaowei”,jiyifantaiyanjiuyuanchengliweibiaozhidezuzhidaowei;yizujianlishihui、xueshuweiyuanhui、fantaiyanjiuyuanlianheguanlituanduijilianheyanfatuanduiweibiaozhiderenyuandaowei;yichengguofenxiangyujiliweibiaozhidejizhidaowei;yiqidongshishijutikeyanxiangmuweibiaozhidexiangmudaowei。pangangyubeikedatongguojingzhun、wushi、gaoxiaohezuo,gongtongdazaolewoguofantaigangtielingyudekeyangaodi,yijizonghexinggaozhilikejirencaijiju、jiaoliuyupeiyangdeshifanjidi。

提升產品質量 擴大品牌影響

tongguokejichuangxin,yangqituidongzhongguozhizaoyedapoguowailongduan,yougenpaodaobingpao,shixianleyouzhongguosuduxiangzhongguozhiliangdezhuanbian。

hegongyelingyu,“shisanwu”shiqi,zhonghejituande“longteng2020”kejichuangxinjihuayuanmanshouguan,shixianlekeyanyugongchengdeyoujijiehe,duichanyeshengjifahuileyinlinghezhichengzuoyong。zhonghejituanqudeleyishifankuaidui、“hualongyihao”、linglongyihao、cf3ranliaoyuanjian、huanxingranliaoyuanjian、moxranliaohen36gaohejin、disandaixianjincaiyoujishu、100mevzhizihuixuanjiasuqidengweidaibiaodeyidapizhongdachengguo,shixianlekeyanyugongchengdeyoujijiehe,tuidongwoguohegongyeshixianconggenzongyanfangweizhudaogenpao、bingpaobingcundezhuanbian。

haigongzhuangbeilingyu,“shisanwu”qijian,zhongguohaiyouzhongdajishuzhuangbeihegongjuqudexilietupo,duogeguanjianlingyudapoguowailongduan,pingjunjiangdi15%-20%deshebeitouziheweibaofeiyong,weihaishangyouqitiankaifajiangbenzengxiaohangshijichu。zhongguohaiyoushejijianzaolequanqiushouzuo10wandunjishenshuibanqianshishengchanchuyoupingtai“shenhaiyihao”,chengweiwoguoshenshuiyouqitiankaifade“daguozhongqi”。zhongguohaiyouhuanzizhuyanzhileyipi1500mishuishenshuixiaguanjianshebei,gangxuanlianliguandenggaoduanchanpinheshebeideng,shixianlegongchengyingyongbingdapoleguowailongduan,chuangzaochanzhishuyiyuan。

jianzhucailiaolingyu,zhongguojiancaibujinchengweiquanqiuzuidashuinizhizaoshang,erqiezaishuinigongyejishuzhuangbeilingyuyijingshixianlechaoyue。guoquzhongguomaiwaiguorenzhuangbei,xianzaiwaiguorenmaizhongguodezhuangbei,xuexizhongguodeditanjienenggongyi。zhongguojiancailianxuruweiquanqiuzuiyoujiazhi50dagongchenghejianshepinpai、ju16wei,zaiquanqiuchengjie379tiaoshuinishengchanxian、shichangzhanyoulvchaoguo65%、lianxu13nianjuquanqiudiyi。

xinxijishulingyu,zhongguodianzisuoshuzhongguochangchengfahuizhutianquan、shengtaifengfu、zhongguojiagou、yangqizhizao、duanxiwanbeiwudayoushi,tuichulequanxinguochangaoxingnengxinpian、bijibendiannao、duolufuwuqi、xinbahezhuomianzhongduandengyixiliejuyouzizhuzhishichanquandehexinchanpin,xingchengpuxiquan、shiliqiangdezizhuanquanchanpinxian,zouchulecongjichuruanjiandaozhengji、yewuxitongdequanliantiaochuangxinyanfazhilu。

qudeleisitupodelingyuhuanyouhenduo。daguozhongqijizhongyongxiandebeihou,shizhongguogaoduanzhizaoyedapojishubilei,shixianzizhuchuangxin、jubuchaoyuedefendoulicheng。youci,zhongguozhizaodepinpaiyingxianglijinyibukuoda,bingjiakuaileyouzhongguochanpinxiangzhongguopinpaizhuanbiandejiaobu。

zhongguozhongchejianchenglewanzheng、xianjin、juyouwanquanzizhuzhishichanquandedongchezupuxihuachanpintixi。fuxinghaoxiliedongchezuzaianquanxing、kekaoxing、zhinenghua、shushixing、lvsehuanbaodengfangmiandadaoshijielingxianshuiping,baochishisu350gonglishijiegaotiezuigaoyunyingsudu,chengweizhangwozaizijishouzhongde“daguozhongqi”hegaoduanzhuangbeizhizaodeguojiamingpian。

zhongjiaojituansuoshuzhenhuazhonggonggangjichanpinjinruquanqiu104geguojiahediqu,lianxu23nianshichangfeneshijiediyi,“tiankunhao”wanichuan、“zhenxinghao”chaodazhijingdungoujidengyipizhongdazhuangbeigensuizhuzhongjiaojianshezhedebufa,congzhongguozouxiangshijie,dazaolekenniyamengneitielu、bajisitanguadaergang、sililankakelunpogangkouchengdengyixilieyouzhipinpaigongcheng,zhangxianlezhongguozhizaofengcai,rang“zhongguolu、zhongguoqiao、zhongguogang、zhongguozhuangbei”chengweixiangyuquanqiudeguojiamingpian。

zhongtiezhuangbeijianchiyi“renpin、chanpin、qipinsanpinheyi”weihexinsuzaopinpai,shulile“chanpinshirenpin,zhiliangshidaode”depinzhiguan。2020nian,jingquanweipingding,gongsipinpaijiazhi49.27yiyuan,weiguoneisuidaojuejinjixingyedediyipinpaijiazhi,yezhuli“zhongtiegongye”chengweizhongguozhizaopinpaijiqunzhongdejinglimingpian。

congzhongguozhizaodaozhongguozhizao,congshijiegongchangdaochuangxingaodi,zhongguodefazhanzhilu,bulvjianshi。dangjinshijiezhengjinglibainianweiyouzhidabianju,xinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangeshenrufazhan。dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhuilizuxinfazhanjieduan,zuochujianshezhizaoqiangguo、zhiliangqiangguo、wangluoqiangguo、shuzizhongguodezhanlvebushu。

yingyatiyuguanfangwangzhanfuzhurenwengjiemingzai5yue10rijuxingdezhongguozhizaopinpailuntanjizhongyangqiyegaoduanzhuangbeizhizaochuangxinchengjiuzhanshangbiaoshi,congzhizaodaguodaozhizaoqiangguo,guoyouqiyebixuxionghuai“guozhidazhe”,jinjinweirao“sangezhuanbian”zhongyaozhishi,congfazhanxingzhishangshixiancongzhongguozhizaodaozhongguochuangzaodezhibian,congfazhanfangshishangshixiancongzhongguosududaozhongguozhiliangdeyuesheng,congfalizhongdianshangshixianzhongguochanpindaozhongguopinpaidekuayue。

“國有企業要奮力當好制造強國建設的中流砥柱,以更寬的視野、更實的措施、更大的作為,強化創新引領,大力推進智能制造,塑造發展新優勢。”翁杰明說。 (《國資報告》記者 原詩萌)

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